From February 2017, information about the work of the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow is available and updated on the University of Glasgow website.

Unit Image

Glossary entries

Glossary entries regarding the Units research programmes.

  • 'Grand theories' Theories developed at a high level of abstraction which, if correct, would have very wide applicability
  • 11to16 West of Scotland 11 to 16 (Teenage Health)/16+ (Young People's Health) Study.
  • A&E Accident and Emergency
  • AA Attendance Allowance
  • ACDS Aberdeen Child Development Study
  • ACONF The Aberdeen Children of the 1950s Study
  • ACROBAT-NRS Cochrane Risk of Bias tool for non-randomized studies of interventions
  • Actigraph Physical Activity Monitor
  • activPAL Physical activity monitor
  • ADHD

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • ADMA Asymmetric dimethylarginine, a novel risk marker of cardiovascular disease.
  • ADRC-S Administrative Data Research Centre for Scotland
  • AERC Alcohol Educational Research Council (now Alcohol Research UK)
  • Aetiology The study of causation, or origination of disease.
  • AHRC Arts and Humanities Research Council
  • AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  • ALICE Adolescent Lifestyles In Contemporary Europe
  • ALSPAC Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
  • AMI Acute Myocardial Infarction
  • AMR Anti-Microbial Resistance
  • ANRAPHS Addressing Non-response and Attrition in Population-sampled Health surveys
  • Anthropometry Refers to body measurements such as height, weight, waist and hip circumferences
  • AQMeN Applied Quantitative Methods Network
  • ASCQ Assisted Self Completion Questionnaire
  • ASSIST A Stop Smoking in Schools Trial
  • ASSIST + Frank Feasibility trial of ASSIST being supplemented by Talk to Frank drug prevention programme
  • Atherosclerosis coronary artery disease
  • Attenuate To make smaller, particularly in relation to an effect
  • Attrition The loss of respondents during the course of a study
  • AUDIT Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test
  • BBV Blood Borne Viruses
  • BCS70 1970 Birth Cohort Study
  • Bem Sex Role Inventory a self-completion questionnaire which was developed in USA in the 1970s by Sandra Lipsitz Bem.
  • BEST Best Services Trial
  • BHF British Heart Foundation
  • BHPS-US British Household Panel Survey and Understanding Society
  • Blood pressure Blood pressure refers to the pressure exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels, especially the arteries. Blood pressure is usually expressed as a ratio, normal blood pressure being below 120/80. The systolic blood pressure, which is the top number, represents the pressure in the arteries as the heart contracts and pumps blood into the arteries. The diastolic pressure, which is the bottom number, represents the pressure in the arteries as the heart relaxes after the contraction. The diastolic pressure, therefore, reflects the minimum pressure to which the arteries are exposed.
  • BMI Body Mass Index
  • Boyd Orr cohort This is an historical cohort based on 1352 mainly working class families living in 16 rural and urban areas of England and Scotland. The families took part in a survey of diet and health in pre-war Britain. The children of the families were traced through the National Health Service. Information from death and cancer registrations were linked to the records of respondents.
  • BP Blood Pressure
  • BUPA British United Provident Association (private medical insurance)
  • BYDS Belfast Youth Development Study
  • Campbell Collaboration A non-for-profit international organisation which investigates the effects of social, educational and criminological interventions. (See: http://www.campbellcollaboration.org/)
  • CAPI Computer Aided Personal Interview
  • CARDIA Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
  • cardiovascular disease Those diseases that affect the heart or blood vessels
  • Carstairs scores A summary measure applied to populations of areas, especially postcode sectors, based on variables taken from decennial population Censuses. This indicator of relative disadvantage uses measures of overcrowding, male unemployment, households with no car and low social class.
  • CAST Cannabis Abuse Screening Test
  • CBT Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
  • CCC Central Clydeside Conurbation
  • CDF Career Development Fellow
  • CDI Communicative Development Inventory
  • CEDAR Centre for Diet and Activity Research
  • CEIPS Centre of Excellence in Intervention and Prevention Science
  • CESD Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale
  • CHD Coronary Heart Disease
  • CHI number Community Health Index number: a unique identifier used in health services in Scotland. It incorporates date of birth and gender.
  • CHILDSMILE Intervention to reduce inequalities in oral health in Scottish children
  • CIHR Canadian Institutes of Health Research
  • Cluster randomised trial An experiment in which groups of participants (e.g. schools or communities) are randomly allocated to receive or not receive an experimental preventive or therapeutic intervention.
  • cohort age group
  • confounding A confounder or confounding variable is one which is related to an outcome and to an explanatory variable in a regression model but which is omitted from the analysis. The presence of a confounder may lead to an incorrect conclusion regarding the influence of one variable on another
  • Constituent-disease associations The relationship between any aspect of the diet (e.g. vitamin C or fibre) and a disease such as heart disease or cancer
  • Contessa A longitudinal study of contraceptive discontinuation
  • Contextual effects The effects of variables defined at a higher level (e.g. at an area level) on outcomes defined at a lower (e.g. individual) level.
  • COPPISH Core Patient Profile Information in Scottish Hospitals
  • Cortisol

    Cortisol is a hormone that is involved in the response to stress; it increases blood pressure and blood sugar levels and suppresses the immune system.  Changes in serum cortisol levels have been observed in connection with clinical depression, psychological distress, and such physiological stressors as hypoglycaemia, illness, fever and physical exertion.

  • CoSS College of Social Sciences, University of Glasgow
  • Covariate A variable possibly predictive of the outcome under study.
  • CPHG Cochrane Public Health Group
  • CRC Colorectal Cancer
  • CRESH Centre for Research on Environment, Society and Health
  • CRFR Centre for Research on Families and Relationships
  • cross-classified model A multilevel model in which units at one level lie within two non-nested classifications. An example would be individuals who live in neighbourhoods and attend hospitals, with there being no strict nesting of neighbourhoods within hospitals or of hospitals within neighbourhoods.
  • Cross-sectional data Refers to data collected at one point in time. Its use facilitates the examination of the relationship between different influences on health outcomes.
  • CRP C-reactive protein
  • CRUK Cancer Research UK
  • CSO Chief Scientist Office
  • CTU Clinical Trials Unit
  • CVD Cardiovascular Disease
  • CWG Commonwealth Games
  • CYPFAH Children, Young People, Families and Health Programme
  • DA Directly Allocated
  • DAISY Drug and Alcohol Intervention Services for Young People
  • DASH Determinants of Adolescent Social Well-being and Health
  • DAST Drug Abuse Screening Test
  • DEAL Diet and Active Living Study
  • DECIPHer Centre for the Development and Evaluation of Complex Interventions for Public Health Improvement.
  • Deliberate self-harm

    Intentional self-poisoning or self-injury, irrespective of motivation.

  • DfID Department for International Development
  • DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid
  • DSM-IV The 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association.  It identifies the criteria for a diagnosis of all known mental disorders.
  • DTC Doctoral Training Centre
  • DTP Doctoral Training Programme
  • DWP Department for Work and Pensions
  • Dyads An isolated friendship pair (see Sociometric techniques)
  • EBCD Experience-based co-design
  • ECR Early Career Researcher
  • EDPHiS Environmental Determinants of Public Health in Scotland
  • ELSA English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
  • ENABLE Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Environment London
  • Epidemiology Epidemiology is the study of the link between social (e.g lifestyle, economic disadvantage), biological (e.g cholesterol levels) and genetic influences and causes and distribution of diseases in populations
  • ESA Employment and Support Allowance
  • ESDS Economic and Social Data Service
  • ESRC Economic and Social Research Council: a UK research funder and training agency. (See: www.esrc.ac.uk/ESRCInfoCentre/index.aspx)
  • ESS European Social Survey
  • ESSENCE Early Symptomatic Syndromes Eliciting Neurodevelopmental Clinical Examinations
  • ETPB Enhanced Triple P for Baby
  • EU European Union
  • EU-SILC European Union Income and Living Conditions Survey
  • EU15 The 15 member states of European Union from 1995 until the accession of ten candidate countries on 1 May 2004.
  • Euro-D Euro-D depression scale
  • EuroFIT European Fans in Training
  • Evidence synthesis systematically combining evidence from multiple studies
  • FACS Family and Children Survey
  • Factor analysis

    A statistical technique used to identify (unobserved) dimensions, or factors, underlying the inter-relationship between (observed) items.

  • FE Further education
  • FEV1 Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second
  • FFIT Football Fans in Training
  • FINRISK Repeat, cross-sectional population surveys conducted in Finland
  • FTE Full-time equivalent
  • FVC Forced Vital Capacity
  • GBV Gender-based violence
  • GCPH Glasgow Centre for Population Health
  • GCSE General Certificate of Secondary Education
  • GCU Glasgow Caledonian University
  • GDP Gross Domestic Product
  • General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)

    A standard screening device for identifying minor (non-psychotic) psychiatric disorder, often referred to as ‘psychological distress'.

  • Genotype an individual's genetic makeup
  • Geographical unit Area.
  • GHA Glasgow Housing Association
  • GHQ General Health Questionnaire
  • GHQ12 12-item General Health Questionnaire
  • GHS General Household Survey
  • GIS Geographical Information Systems
  • GMSHS Gay Men's Sexual Health Survey
  • Goth subculture

    A contemporary subculture prevalent in many countries and with many variations. Common to all is a tendency towards a "dark" sound and outlook

    It began in the UK during the late 1970s to early 1980s in the gothic rock scene, an offshoot of the post-punk genre http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goth.

  • GoWell A longitudinal research programme looking at regeneration in Glasgow
  • GP General Practitioner
  • GPBH Good Places Better Health
  • GPS Global Positioning System
  • GROS General Register Office for Scotland now National Records of Scotland
  • GSC Glasgow Science Centre
  • GU University of Glasgow
  • GUS Growing Up in Scotland longitudinal survey
  • HAART Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy
  • HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
  • HAES Health at Every Size, a campaign group concerned with body weight
  • HALIRA Health and Lifestyles Research programme (Mwanza, Tanzania)
  • HALS Health and Lifestyles Survey
  • HbA1c Glycated or Glycosylated Haemoglobin
  • HBS Human biological sample
  • HBSC Health Behaviour in School-aged Children: World Health Organization collaborative cross-national survey
  • HDHK Healthy dads, healthy kids
  • Health behaviours Any actions undertaken by an individual which have the potential to influence health (e.g. diet, smoking, physical activity, consulting with health care professionals)
  • Health Promoting School A school which aims to promote the physical, social, spiritual, mental and emotional well-being of all pupils and staff through the provision of a safe and health-enhancing environment.
  • Healthy Respect An adolescent sexual health promotion national demonstration project.
  • HEHTA Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment, University of Glasgow
  • HEI Higher Education Institute
  • HELP Healthy Eating and Lifestyle in Pregnancy
  • HIC High Income Country
  • HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • HMD Human Mortality Database
  • HMI Her Majesty's Inspector, the UK educational standards inspector.
  • HMRC Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs
  • HPS Health Protection Scotland
  • HPV Human Papillomavirus
  • HR Human Resources
  • HR2 Healthy Respect Phase 2 secondary school survey
  • HSE Health Survey for England
  • HSMRs Hospital Standardised Mortality Ratio
  • HSV2 Herpes simplex virus type 2
  • HTA Health Technology Assessment
  • HTO Healthtalkonline
  • HWBRSU SPHSU's Health and Wellbeing Research Support Unit
  • IB Incapacity Benefit
  • IHD Ischaemic Heart Disease
  • IHW Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow
  • IiP Investors in People
  • Induction time Time between exposure and the onset of disease.
  • Intergenerational In this context refers to those born abroad (first generation) and those born in the UK (subsequent generations)
  • Intramurally Within an institution
  • IPAQ International Physical Activity Questionnaires
  • IQ Intelligence quotient
  • Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) Inadequate flow of blood through the coronary arteries to the heart.
  • ISD Information Services Division Scotland, part of NHS Scotland
  • Isolates Individuals who either do not nominate a friend within a peer group or whose nomination is not reciprocated (see Sociometric techniques)
  • JCVI UK Joint Committee for Vaccination and Immunisation
  • JSA Jobseeker's Allowance
  • KCL King's College London
  • KE Knowledge Exchange
  • KPI Key Performance Indicator
  • KT Knowledge Translation
  • KTE Knowledge Transfer and Exchange
  • LA Local Authority
  • Labour market position

    An individual's position in the labour market (in work/training, student, retired etc), also referred to as economic activity.

  • LF Lung Function
  • LFS Labour Force Survey
  • LIC Low Income Country
  • Life course In the context of life course epidemiology, this approach focuses on the stage of life that exposure to health promoting or harmful influences occurs and the duration of exposure to these influences
  • Life events Major events in an individual's life (e.g. death of a close relative, divorce, getting into trouble with the police)
  • Lifecourse The stage of life during which exposure to health promoting or harmful influences occurs.
  • Limiting longstanding illness

    Based on a standard question - ‘Do you suffer from any longstanding illness, disability or infirmity (and if so) Does this/these limit your activities in any way'?

  • LMIC Low and Middle Income Country
  • Longitudinal Studies A type of study which involves studying a group of people at regular intervals over a long period of times
  • LS Longitudinal Study
  • LSHTM London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
  • MA Master of Arts
  • Malaise symptoms

    An index based on reports of one or more of the following symptoms in the last month - felt nervous, worried or anxious; felt sad, unhappy or low; felt irritable or bad tempered; had difficulty getting to sleep 

  • MAR Missing at random
  • MB Mellow Bumps
  • MCS The Millennium Cohort Study
  • MD Doctor of Medicine
  • MEHO Migrant and Ethnic Health Observatory
  • MEMA kwa Vijana (or MkV) "Good Things for young people" in Swahili
  • Metabolic syndrome A cluster of metabolic abnormalities, including insulin resistance, high blood levels of triglycerides, low blood levels of HDL-cholesterol, and obesity, that increase the risk of chronic diseases such as hypertension, coronary artery disease, and diabetes.
  • MH Mental Health
  • MI Myocardial Infarction
  • MIR Management Initiated Review
  • MMR Measles, Mumps and Rubella
  • Modal shift The change from one preferred means of transport (e.g., travel by car) to another (e.g., cycling)
  • Morbidity The state of being diseased.
  • MP Member of Parliament
  • MPH Master of Public Health
  • MPIDR Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
  • MRC Medical Research Council
  • MSc Master of Science
  • MSM Men who have sex with men
  • MSP Member of Scottish Parliament
  • Multilevel modelling A form of regression analysis designed to estimate effects when data are clustered within units at higher levels e.g. survey respondents within households or areas, patients within hospitals etc.
  • Multiple imputation A statistical technique for the analysis of incomplete data sets involving the creation of several possible data sets (based on observed data and observed relationships between variables) and the pooling of results obtained during analysis.
  • multiple membership model A multilevel model in which units at one level may lie within more than one unit at a higher level. An example would be individuals receiving treatment from more than one doctor.
  • MUP Minimum Unit Pricing of alcohol
  • MVLS College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow
  • MVPA Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity
  • MYPC Make your Position Clear
  • Narrative synthesis A method of summarising data descriptively rather than statistically in a systematic review. Used when data are too heterogeneous to perform a meta-analysis but may also be used to complement a meta-analysis.
  • NaSH National Sexual Health System (Scotland)
  • NatCen National Centre for Social Research
  • Natsal-3 Third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles
  • Natural experiment Some naturally-occurring event (such as the implementation of a government policy), the effects of which can be investigated scientifically
  • NCDS National Child Development Study (1958 cohort)
  • NESS National Evaluation of Sure Start
  • Neurotic disorders (neuroses) Mental imbalance causing distress but not affecting daily functioning.
  • NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (US)
  • NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council
  • NHS National Health Service
  • NHS GGC NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
  • NHS HS NHS Health Scotland
  • NHS Scotland National Health Service for Scotland
  • NICE National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
  • NIHR National Institute for Health Research
  • NIHR PHR NIHR Public Health Research programme
  • NIMR National Institute for Medical Research
  • NPRI National Prevention Research Initiative
  • NPS Novel Psychoactive Substance
  • NRS National Records of Scotland
  • NS-SEC National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification
  • Occupational social class The Registrar General's classification of social status based upon an individual's occupation.
  • ONS Office for National Statistics
  • OSCHR Office for Strategic Coordination of Health Research
  • P&DR Performance and Development Review
  • PA Physical Activity
  • PaLS Peers and Levels of Stress study
  • Parity The number of times that a woman has given birth.
  • PE Public Engagement
  • Peer review The process by which academic journals ensure the quality of the papers they publish – by sending them to the authors “peers” to appraise
  • Perinatal The period just before and just after birth.
  • PhD Doctor of Philosophy
  • Phenotype Any observable characteristic or trait which results from the expression of an organism's genes as well as the influence of environmental factors and the interactions between the two.
  • PHIND Public Health Intervention Development Scheme
  • PHRC Public Health Research Consortium
  • PHSRN Population Health Sciences Research Network
  • PI Principal Investigator
  • PL Programme Leader
  • PMS Perinatal Mortality Study
  • Postcode sector The set of unit postcodes that are the same apart from the last two characters e.g. G12 8. The mean population is about 5000.
  • Practices of masculinity

    A wide variety of activities which serve to construct masculinity.  Health behaviours and beliefs can be seen as practices of masculinity: for example, demonstrating stoicism through delaying help-seeking is a social practice often linked with culturally dominant forms of masculinity.

  • PrEP Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis
  • PROUD A study examining the Impact on gay Men of Using Pre-Exposure Prophylactics
  • PROWESS A study PROmoting Wellbeing, Equality, and Support in breast cancer Survivors.
  • pSoBID The psychological, social and biological determinants of ill health - cross sectional population-based study (GCPH)
  • Psychiatric epidemiology

    The study of the causes and distribution of psychiatric disorder in populations (see Epidemiology)

  • Psychoactive substance A chemical substance (drug) that alters brain function, possibly affecting mood, perception or behaviour.
  • Psychosocial Term used to describe the relationship between the personal, internal environment, and the wider social world. (E.g., from the Oxford English Dictionary: 'the influence of social factors on an individual's mind or behaviour, and to the interrelation of behavioural and social factors').
  • PsySTAR A new initiative to provide postgraduate training for psychiatrists
  • QALY Quality Adjusted Life Year
  • QQ Quinquennium
  • QQR Quinquennial Review
  • QUB Queen's University, Belfast
  • RA Research Assistant
  • RCB Robertson Centre for Biostatistics, University of Glasgow
  • RCT Randomised Controlled Trial
  • RCUK Research Councils UK
  • RDG Research Development Group
  • RE Recurrent Expenditure
  • RE-AIM Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance, is a framework designed to enhance the quality, speed and public health impact of efforts to translate research into practice.
  • Reconstituted family Another name for step family
  • REF Research Excellence Framework
  • Relative index of inequality A measure of relative inequality differentials across socio-economic categories.
  • Reproducibility This refers to the process of assessing if a research tool such as a questionnaire obtains consistent responses when used on several occasions over a period of time
  • RIPPLE Randomised Intervention trial of PuPilLed sex Education
  • RSE Relationships and Sex Education
  • RuFIT Rugby Fans in Training
  • S1, S2, ... S6 Scottish secondary school years
  • SA Successful ageing
  • Salivary cotinine Cotinine is a byproduct of nicotine. Saliva cotinine is used to measure exposure to tobacco smoking as it more sensitive to a low level of exposure to tobacco smoke
  • Sample a group selected for study
  • ScotCen Scottish Centre for Social Research
  • ScotPHO The Scottish Public Health Observatory
  • Scottish Health Survey The Scottish Health Survey provides a detailed picture of the health of the Scottish population living in private households. The survey is used to monitor health in Scotland.
  • Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) The SIMD identifies small area concentrations of deprivation in Scotland on the basis of a number of domains. The areas used are data zones, allowing small pockets of deprivation to be identified.
  • Scottish Social Attitudes Survey Annual survey of random sample of people living in Scotland. visit
  • SCPHRP Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research & Policy
  • SCREDS Scottish Clinical Research Excellence Development Scheme
  • SD Standard Deviation
  • SDQ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire
  • SEC Socio-Economic Classification
  • SEED Social and Emotional Education and Development (programme and trial)
  • SEL Social and Emotional Learning
  • SEP Socio-Economic Position
  • SES Socio-economic Status
  • SEW Social and Emotional Wellbeing
  • SF12 12-item Short Form Health Survey
  • SF36 36-item Short Form Health Survey
  • SG Scottish Government
  • SHAAP Scottish Health Action on Alcohol Problems
  • SHARE Sexual Health and Relationships: a specially-designed school sex education programme, as well as the RCT that evaluated it
  • SHARE (1) Sexual Health And Relationship Education
  • SHARE (2) The Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe
  • SHARP Scotland's Housing and Regeneration Project
  • SHARPEN School Health Action Research Partnership and Network
  • SHaS School Hierarchies and Stress Study
  • SHeS Scottish Health Survey
  • SHS Scottish Household Survey
  • SLIC Size and Lung function In Children study
  • SLS Scottish Longitudinal Study
  • SMG Strategic Management Group
  • SMR Standardised Mortality Ratio
  • SMRs Scottish Morbidity Records
  • SNA Social Network Analysis
  • Social capital There are many definitions for this term. A major commentator in this field, Robert Putnam, describes social capital as features of social organization such as networks, norms, and social trust that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit.
  • Social mobility

    Refers to change in an individual's social class position (upward or downward) either between their own and their parents' social class (inter-generational mobility) or over the course of their working career (intra-generational mobility)

  • Social network analysis Analytic methods to describe and map the pattern of relations (friendship ties, disease, information, etc.) between entities (people, organisations, etc.)
  • social position a generic label for the various aspects of an individual's personal circumstances (e.g. occupation, education)
  • socioeconomic involving both economic and social factors
  • SORD Survey Office Respondent Databases
  • SPACES Studying Physical Activity in Children's Environments across Scotland
  • SPARCLERS Stressed PArents Reducing SoCiaL/Emotional PRoblems Study
  • SPARRA Scottish Patients at Risk of Readmission and Admission
  • SPFL Scottish Premier Football League
  • SPHERE SPatial HEalth REsearch (SPHERE) Lab
  • SPHSU Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
  • SPS Scottish Prison Service
  • SRC Strathclyde Regional Council
  • SS College of Social Sciences, University of Glasgow
  • Standardised A process by which rates are adjusted to make them comparable. For example, age-standardised rates adjust for differing age structures in populations.
  • STD Sexually Transmitted Disease
  • STI Sexually Transmitted Infection
  • Suicidal ideation

    A common medical term for thoughts about suicide which may be as detailed as a formulated plan, without the suicidal act itself.

  • SWIFT Secure Web Interface For The (Twenty-07 Study)
  • Systematic review A type of literature review which uses a particular approach involving (among other things) a comprehensive search for literature, and a formal assessment of the quality of each study
  • TasP Treatment as Prevention
  • TAU Treatment as Usual
  • TBA To be appointed
  • Telomere A region of repetitive DNA which protects the end of the chromosome from destruction.
  • THiS Teenage Health in School study
  • THRIVE Trial of Healthy Relationship Initiatives for the Very Early years
  • TIDieR Template for Intervention Description and Replication, is a checklist and guide for better reporting of interventions.
  • TRAC Transparent Approach to Costing
  • TUPE Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment)
  • Twenty-07 West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study: Health in the Community
  • UBC University of British Columbia
  • UBDC Urban Big Data Centre
  • UCB University of California, Berkeley
  • UCL University College London
  • UCLA University of Southern California
  • UHR Understanding Health Research
  • UK United Kingdom
  • UKCRC UK Clinical Research Collaboration
  • UNICEF United Nation Children's Fund
  • UoG University of Glasgow
  • USP Understanding Sedentary patterns
  • UUPHR Understandings and Uses of Public Health Research
  • UVRI Uganda Virus Research Institute
  • Variance A statistical measure of the dispersion in a variable.
  • Voice-DISC Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children
  • VPS Voluntary Population Survey
  • WHO World Health Organisation
  • WHO PEN WHO Package of Essential Noncommunicable Disease Interventions
  • WPLS Work and Pensions Longitudinal Study
  • WW2 World War 2
  • WWS What Works Scotland, is an initiative to improve the way local areas in Scotland use evidence to make decisions about public service development and reform.
  • YO Young Offender
  • YOI Young Offender's Institution
  • YPAC Youth Physical Activity Questionnaire