Children, Young People, Families and Health

Broad goals and objectives

Our overall goal is to understand better the key social factors that shape the health of children and young people, with particular focus on the family, and through these understandings to develop and evaluate preventative interventions.

Original studies are being conducted in the UK and east Africa, primarily Tanzania, using both qualitative methods (e.g. in-depth interviews and participant observation) and quantitative methods (e.g. questionnaire surveys). We are also bringing together existing research findings by systematically reviewing the published literature.

We have four broad objectives:

• to understand better the influence of family life on health-related outcomes and how this varies socio-culturally, with particular focus on authoritarian parenting in east Africa
• to understand better how the influence of families is interrelated with that of peers, schools and the media
• to understand how these influences might be improved by developing and evaluating interventions, with particular focus on reaching the most vulnerable children and young people and on clarifying the causal pathways of interventions at both an individual and collective level
• to strengthen research capacity, particularly in east Africa.

Publications

2014

Buston K, Parkes A, Wight D. High and low contraceptive use amongst male young offenders: a qualitative interview study. Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care 2014;[epub ahead of print]

open access  

Hartley J, Wight D, Hunt K. Presuming the influence of the media: teenagers’ constructions of gender identity through sexual/romantic relationships and alcohol consumption. Sociology of Health & Illness 2014;36:772-86

open access  

Parkes A, Waylen A, Sayal K, Heron J, Henderson M, Wight D, Macleod J. Which behavioral, emotional and school problems in middle-childhood predict early sexual behavior?. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2014;43:507-527

open access  

Siu G, Wight D, Seeley JA. Masculinity, social context and HIV testing: an ethnographic study of men in Busia district, rural eastern Uganda. BMC Public Health 2014;14:33

Wamoyi J, Wight D. 'Dying a hero' parents' and young people's discourses on concurrent sexual partnerships in rural Tanzania. BMC Public Health 2014;14:742

open access  

Wamoyi J, Wight D. 'Mum never loved me' How structural factors influence adolescent sexual and reproductive health through parent-child connectedness: a qualitative study in rural Tanzania. African Journal of AIDS Research 2014;13:169-78

Wight D, Ahikireb J, Kwesigac JC. Consultancy research as a barrier to strengthening social science research capacity in Uganda. Social Science & Medicine 2014;116:32-40

open access  

Young R, Sproeber N, Groschwitz RC, Preiss M, Plener PL. Why alternative teenagers self-harm: exploring the link between non-suicidal self-injury, attempted suicide and adolescent identity. BMC Psychiatry 2014;14

open access  

2013

Elliott L, Henderson M, Nixon C, Wight D. Has untargeted sexual health promotion for young people reached its limit? A quasi-experimental study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:398-404

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Palmer ML, Henderson M, Sanders MR, Keown LJ, White J . Study protocol: evaluation of a parenting and stress management programme: a randomised controlled trial of Triple P Discussion Groups and Stress Control. BMC Public Health 2013;13:888

open access  

Parkes A, Sweeting H, Wight D, Henderson M. Do television and electronic games predict children’s psychosocial adjustment? Longitudinal research using the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2013;98:341-348

open access  

Parkes A, Sweeting H, Wight D. Parenting. In: Growing up in Scotland: Birth Cohort 2. Results from the First Year. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2013:118-142.

open access  

Parkes A, Wight D, Hunt K, Henderson M, Sargent J. Are sexual media exposure, parental restrictions on media use and co-viewing TV and DVDs with parents and friends associated with teenagers' early sexual behaviour?. Journal of Adolescence 2013;36:1121–1133

open access  

Siu G. Dividuality, respectability and reputation: exploring the link between men's uptake of HIV treatment and their masculinity in rural Eastern Uganda [PhD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2013.

Siu GE, Seeley J, Wight D. Dividuality, masculine respectability and reputation: How masculinity affects men’s uptake of HIV treatment in rural Eastern Uganda. Social Science & Medicine 2013;89:45-52

open access  

Wight D, Fullerton D. A review of interventions with parents to promote the sexual health of their children. Journal of Adolescent Health 2013;52:4–27

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Wilson C, Hogg R, Henderson M, Wilson P. Patterns of primary care service use by families with young children. Family Practice 2013;30:679-94

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Wilson P, Bradshaw P, Tipping S, Henderson M, Der G, Minnis H. What predicts persistent early conduct problems? Evidence from the Growing Up in Scotland cohort. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:76-80

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Young R, Macdonald L, Ellaway A. Associations between proximity and density of local alcohol outlets and alcohol use among Scottish adolescents. Health & Place 2013;19:124-130

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2012

Buston K, Parkes A, Thomson H, Wight D, Fenton C. Parenting interventions for male young offenders: a review of evidence on what works. Journal of Adolescence 2012;35:731-742

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Buston K, Wight D. Young fathers in prison: helping them parent. In: Simpson C, editor Scotland: the best place in the world to bring up children? A collection of essays about parenting in Scotland. Edinburgh: Parenting across Scotland, 2012:128-30.

Desmond N, Prost A, Wight D. Managing risk through treatment-seeking in rural north-western Tanzania: categorising health problems as malaria and nzoka. Health, Risk & Society 2012;14:149-170

Jackson CA, Henderson M, Frank J, Haw S. An overview of prevention of multiple risk behaviour in adolescence and young adulthood. Journal of Public Health 2012;34:i31-i40

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Karvonen S, Young R, West P, Rahkonen O. Value orientations among late modern youth: a cross-cultural study. Journal of Youth Studies 2012;15:33-52

Kelly T, McCafferty E, Metcalfe J, Petrie G, van Beinum M, Young R. Evaluating the Glasgow adolescent self-harm service: a seven-year retrospective investigation: Executive Summary. Scottish Executive Health Department, Chief Scientist's Office, Edinburgh, 2012

open access  

Markham W, Young R, Sweeting H, West P, Aveyard P. Does school ethos explain the relationship between value-added education and teenage substance use? A cohort study. Social Science & Medicine 2012;75:69-76

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McDaid LM, Hart GJ. Serosorting and strategic positioning during unprotected anal intercourse: are risk reduction strategies being employed by gay and bisexual men in Scotland?. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 2012;39:735-738

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Parkes A, Sweeting H, Wight D. Growing up in Scotland: overweight, obesity and activity - Main Report. Edinburgh, 2012

open access  

Parkes A, Sweeting H, Wight D. Growing up in Scotland: overweight, obesity and activity - Research Findings no. 4. Edinburgh, 2012

open access  

Parkes A, Sweeting H, Wight D. Growing up in Scotland: overweight, obesity and activity - Technical Appendix. Edinburgh, 2012

open access  

Plummer M. Promoting abstinence, being faithful, and condom use with young Africans: qualitative findings from an intervention trial in rural Tanzania. New York: Lexington Books, 2012.

Plummer ML, Wight D. Intervention recommendations. In: Plummer ML, editor Promoting abstinence, being faithful, and condom use with young Africans: qualitative findings from an intervention trial in rural Tanzania. New York: Lexington Books, 2012:361-404.

Remes P, Selestine V, Changalucha J, Ross D, Wight D, de Sanjose S, Kapiga S, Hayes R, Watson-Jones D. A qualitative study of HPV vaccine acceptability among health workers, teachers, parents, female pupils, and religious leaders in northwest Tanzania. Vaccine 2012;30:5363-5367

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Siu GE, Wight D, Seeley JA. How a masculine work ethic and economic circumstances affect uptake of HIV treatment: experiences of men from an artisanal gold mining community in rural eastern Uganda. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012;15:17368

open access  

Stroeken K, Remes P, De Koker P, Michielsen K, Van Vossole A, Temmerman M. HIV among out-of-school youth in Eastern and Southern Africa: a review. AIDS Care 2012;24:186-194

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Watson-Jones D, Baisley K, Ponsiano R, Lemme F, Remes P, Ross D, Kapiga S, Mayaud P, de Sanjose S, Wight D, Changalucha J, Hayes R. Human Papillomavirus vaccination in Tanzanian schoolgirls: cluster-randomized trial comparing two vaccine-delivery strategies. Journal of Infectious Diseases 2012;206:678-686

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Wight D, Plummer M, Ross D. The need to promote behaviour change at the cultural level: one factor explaining the limited impact of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual health intervention in rural Tanzania - A process evaluation. BMC Public Health 2012;12:788

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Young R, Sweeting H, West P. Associations between DSM-IV diagnosis, psychiatric symptoms and morning cortisol levels in a community sample of adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2012;47:723-733

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Young R, van Beinum M. An assertive outreach intervention does not reduce repeat suicide attempts compared to usual care [commentary]. Evidence Based Mental Health 2012

Young R. Can Neds (or Chavs) be non-delinquent, educated or even middle class? Contrasting empirical findings with cultural stereotypes. Sociology 2012;46:1140-1160

open access  

2011

Abraham C, Sheeran P, Henderson M. Extending social cognition models of health behaviour. Health Education Research 2011;26:624-37

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Henderson M, Smith D, Elliott L, Nixon C, Wight D. Vulnerable young people in alternative education settings: their sexual health needs, experience and use of sex education and sexual health services. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Occasional Paper 21, Glasgow, 2011

open access  

Nurse K, Wight D. Development assistance and research capacity strengthening: the commissioning of health research in East Africa. Journal of East African Studies 2011;5:233-51

Packard C, Bezylak V, McLean J S, Batty GD, Ford I, Burns H, Cavanagh J, Deans KA, Henderson M, McGinty A, Millar K, Sattar N, Shiels PG, Velupillai YN, Tannahill C. Early life socioeconomic adversity is associated in adult life with chronic inflammation, carotid atherosclerosis, poorer lung function and decreased cognitive performance: a cross-sectional, population-based study. BMC Public Health 2011;11:42

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Parkes A, Henderson M, Wight D, Nixon C. Is parenting associated with teenagers’ early sexual risk-taking, autonomy and relationship with sexual partners?. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 2011;43:30-40

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Parkes A, Strange V, Wight D, Bonell C, Copas A, Henderson M, Buston K, Stephenson J, Johnson A, Allen E, Hart G. Comparison of teenagers' early same-sex and heterosexual behavior: UK data from the SHARE and RIPPLE studies. Journal of Adolescent Health 2011;48:27-35

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Parkes A, Wight D. Growing up in Scotland: parenting and children's health - Main Report. Edinburgh, 2011

open access  

Parkes A, Wight D. Growing up in Scotland: parenting and children's health - Research Findings no.3/2011. Research Findings no.3/2011, Edinburgh, 2011

open access  

Parkes A, Wight D. Growing up in Scotland: parenting and children's health - Technical Appendix. Edinburgh, 2011

open access  

Plummer M L, Wight D. Young people's lives and sexual relationships in rural Africa: findings from a large qualitative study in Tanzania. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2011.

Sweeting H, West P, Young R, Kelly S. Dimensions of adolescent subjective social status within the school community: description and correlates. Journal of Adolescence 2011;34:493-504

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Wight D. The effectiveness of school based sex education: what do rigorous evaluations in Britain tell us?. Education and Health 2011;29:67-73

open access  

Young R, McCafferty E, Metcalfe J, van Beinum MA. Evaluating the Glasgow adolescent self-harm service: a seven-year retrospective investigation: Final Report. Glasgow, 2011

Young R, McDonald-Smith L. Lisbeth Salander and the ‘Truth’ about Goths. In: Rosenberg R, editor The psychology of the girl with the dragon tattoo. Dallas: Benbella Books, 2011:9-29.

Young R, Riordan V, Stark C. Perinatal and psychosocial circumstances and risk of attempted suicide, non-suicidal self-injury and psychiatric services use: a longitudinal study of young people. BMC Public Health 2011;11:875

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Young R, Sweeting H, Ellaway A. Do schools differ in suicide risk? The influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils. BMC Public Health 2011;11:874

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2010

Allen C, Desmond N, Chiduo B, Medard L, Lees S, Vallely A, Hayes R, Ross D. Intravaginal and menstrual practices among women working in food and recreational facilities in Mwanza, Tanzania: implications for microbicide trials. AIDS & Behavior 2010;14:1169-81

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Buston K, Wight D. Self-reported sexually transmitted infection testing behaviour amongst incarcerated young male offenders: findings from a qualitative study. Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care 2010;36:7-11

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Buston K. Experiences of, and attitudes towards, pregnancy and fatherhood amongst incarcerated young male offenders: findings from a qualitative study. Social Science & Medicine 2010;71:2212-18

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External Evaluation Team. Evaluation of Healthy Respect phase 2: Final Report. Edinburgh, 2010

open access  

Henderson M, Wight D, Nixon C, Hart G. Retaining young people in a longitudinal sexual health survey: a trial of strategies to maintain participation. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2010;10

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Lees S, Cook C, Vallely A, Desmond N, Allen C, Kiro K, Wamoyi J, Medard L, Pool , Hayes R J, Ross DA, Microbicides Development Programme. Comparison of sexual behavior data collected using a coital diary and a clinic-based interview during a microbicide pilot study in Mwanza, Tanzania. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 2010;37:497-501

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Parkes A, Wight D, Henderson M, West P. Does early sexual debut reduce teenagers' participation in tertiary education? Evidence from the SHARE longitudinal study. Journal of Adolescence 2010;33:741-54

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Phase Two Programme Evaluation Team , External Evaluation Team (Including Henderson M & Wight D & Nixon C) . The final report of Healthy Respect phase 2. Edinburgh, 2010

open access  

Plummer ML, Wamoyi J, Shigongo ZS, Mshana G, Obasi AN, Ross DA, Wight D. 'Seek any means, and keep it your secret' young women’s attempts to control their reproduction through contraceptive and fertility practices in rural Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 2010;12:178-93

Raab G, Henderson M. Teenage mothers and fathers in Scotland 1991 to 2001. LSCS Research Working Paper 9.0, St Andrews, 2010

open access  

Remes P, Renju J, Nyalali K, Benedict J, Medard L, Kimaryo M, Changalucha J, Obasi A, Wight D. Dusty discos and dangerous desires: community perceptions of adolescent sexual and reproductive health risks and vulnerability and the potential role of parents in rural Mwanza, Tanzania. Culture, Health & Sexuality 2010;12:279-92

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Renju J, Makokha M, Kato C, Medard L, Andrew B, Remes P, Changalucha J, Obasi A. Partnering to proceed: scaling up adolescent sexual reproductive health programmes in Tanzania: operational research into the factors that influenced local government uptake and implementation. Health Research Policy and Systems 2010;8:12

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Renju J, Nyalali K, Andrew B, Kishamawe C, Kimaryo M, Remes P, Changalucha J, Obasi A. Scaling up a school-based sexual and reproductive health intervention in rural Tanzania: a process evaluation describing the implementation realities for the teachers. Health Education Research 2010;25:903-916

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Wamoyi J, Wight D, Plummer M, Mshana G, Ross D. Transactional sex amongst young people in rural northern Tanzania: an ethnography of young women's motivations and negotiation. Reproductive Health 2010;7:2

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West P, Sweeting H, Young R, Kelly S. The relative importance of family socioeconomic status and school-based peer hierarchies for morning cortisol in youth: an exploratory study. Social Science & Medicine 2010;70:1246-53

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Young R. Trauma, attempted suicide and morning cortisol in a community sample of adolescents. Journal of Traumatic Stress 2010;23:288–291

open access  

2009

Desmond N. 'Ni kubahatisha tu!' It’s just a game of chance: adaptation and resignation to socially constructed perceptions of risk in rural Tanzania [PhD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2009.

open access  

Lees S, Desmond N, Allen C, Bugeke G, Vallely A, Hayes R, Ross D. Sexual risk behaviour for women working in recreational venues in Mwanza, Tanzania: considerations for the acceptability and use of vaginal microbicide gels. Culture, Health & Sexuality 2009;11:581-95

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Njue C, Voeten H, Remes P. Disco funerals: a risk situation for HIV infection among youth in Kisumu, Kenya. AIDS 2009;23:505-9

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Nyalali K, Remes P, Wight D. Developing methods to study parent-child relationships in rural sub-Saharan Africa: an exploratory project in Mwanza, northern Tanzania. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Working Paper no. 20, Glasgow, 2009

open access  

Parkes A, Wight D, Henderson M, Stephenson J, Strange V. Contraceptive method at first sexual intercourse and subsequent pregnancy risk: findings from a secondary analysis of sixteen year-old girls from the RIPPLE and SHARE studies. Journal of Adolescent Health 2009;44:55-63

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Sim J, Fraser S, Church S, Eaglesham P, Wight D. The sexual health and wellbeing of vulnerable groups in Scotland: a scoping review of research literature. Edinburgh and Glasgow, 2009

2008

Buston K. Behind and beyond the prison bars: young offenders talk about sex and relationships. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Occasional Paper 18, Glasgow, 2008

Henderson M, Butcher I, Wight D, Williamson LM, Raab G. What explains between-school differences in rates of sexual experience?. BMC Public Health 2008;8:53

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Henderson M, Ecob R, Wight D, Abraham C. What explains between-school differences in rates of smoking?. BMC Public Health 2008;8

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Henderson M. How do secondary schools influence teenagers' health behaviours? Schools that enhance versus schools that diminish students' health behaviours: taking account of different student characteristics at each school. Saarbrücken, Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG, 2008.

Lewis R. Parent-child communication about sex and sexuality: everyday practices, processes and meanings [PhD] (supervised by Katie Buston), University of Edinburgh 2008.

Phase Two Programme Evaluation Team, External Evaluation Team, (Including , Henderson M, Wight D, Nixon C, ). Evaluation of Healthy Respect phase 2: Interim Report - Executive Summary. Edinburgh, 2008

open access  

Phase Two Programme Evaluation Team, External Evaluation Team, (Including , Henderson M, Wight D, Nixon C, ). Evaluation of Healthy Respect phase 2: Interim Report. Edinburgh, 2008

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Plummer M, Wamoyi J, Nyalali K, Mshana G, Shigongo ZS, Ross D, Wight D. Aborting and suspending pregnancy in rural Tanzania: An ethnography of young people’s beliefs and practices. Studies in Family Planning 2008;39:281-92

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Raab G, Burston A, Henderson M, Storkey H, Elliot LS, Davies J. Final Report on the randomised control trial of Zero Tolerance Respect (pre-sex education/citizenship education) in Midlothian Primary Schools. Report to CSO (CZG/2/313). Edinburgh, 2008

Raab G, Burston A, Henderson M, Storkey H, Elliot LS, Davies J. Short-term evaluation of the Zero Tolerance Respect package in Midlothian primary schools, a randomized controlled trial. 2008

Scoular A, Abu-Rajab K, Winter A , Connell J, Hart G. The case for social marketing in gonorrhoea prevention: insights from sexual lifestyles in Glasgow genitourinary medicine clinic attendees. International Journal of STD & AIDS 2008;19:545-9

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Shagi C, Vallely A, Kasindi S, Chiduo B, Desmond N, Soteli S, Kavit N, Vallely L, Lees S, Hayes R, Ross D. A model for community representation and participation in HIV prevention trials among high risk women who engage in transactional sex in Africa. AIDS Care 2008;20:1039-49

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Weiss H A, Plummer M, Changalucha J, Mshana G, Shigongo ZS, Todd J, Wight D, Hayes R J, Ross D. Circumcision among adolescent boys in rural northwestern Tanzania. Tropical Medicine & International Health 2008;13:1054-61

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Wight D, Parkes A, Strange V, Allen E, Bonell C, Henderson M. The quality of young people’s heterosexual relationships: a longitudinal analysis of factors shaping subjective experience. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 2008;40:226-237

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Wight D. Most of our social scientists are not institution based… they are there for hire: research consultancies and social science capacity for health research in East Africa. Social Science & Medicine 2008;66:110-116

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Wight D. Theoretical bases for teacher- and peer-delivered sexual health promotion. Health Education 2008;108:10-28

2007

Allen CF, Lees SS, Desmond NA, Der G, Chiduo B, Hambleton I, Knight L, Vallely A, Ross DA, Hayes R J. Validity of coital diaries in a feasibility study for the Microbicides Development Programme trial among women at high risk of HIV/AIDS in Mwanza, Tanzania. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2007;83:490-496

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Buston K, Williamson LM, Hart G. Young women under 16 with experience of sexual intercourse: who becomes pregnant?. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2007;61:221-5

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Henderson M, Wight D, Raab G, Abraham C, Parkes A, Scott S, Hart G. Impact of a theoretically based sex education programme (SHARE) delivered by teachers on NHS registered conceptions and terminations: final results of cluster randomised trial. BMJ 2007;334:133-5

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Jaffar S, Mbidde E, Robb A, Coutinho A, Muwanga M, Obermeyer CM, Weller I, Hart G, Smith PG, Haines A, Grosskurth H. Scale-up of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: priorities for public health research [editorial]. Tropical Medicine & International Health 2007;12:1009-1010

Parkes A, Wight D, Henderson M, Hart G. Explaining associations between adolescent substance use and condom use. Journal of Adolescent Health 2007;40:180e1-18

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Plummer M, Wight D, Obasi A, Wamoyi J, Mshana G, Todd J, Mazige BC, Makokha M, Hayes R, Ross D. A process evaluation of a school-based adolescent sexual health intervention in rural Tanzania: The MEMA kwa Vijana programme. Health Education Research 2007;22:500-512

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Plummer M, Wight D, Wamoyi J, Nyalali K, Ingall K, Mshana G, Shigongo Z, Obasi A. Are schools a good setting for adolescent sexual health promotion in rural Africa? A qualitative assessment from Tanzania. Health Education Research 2007;22:483-99

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Raab G M, Storkey H, Henderson M, Davis J, Elliot L. Development of instruments and procedures for a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the Zero Tolerance Respect package in Midlothian Primary Schools. Edinburgh, 2007

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Ross DA, Changalucha J, Obasi AIN , Todd J, Plummer ML, Cleophas-Mazige B, Anemona A, Everett D, Weiss HA, Mabey DC, Grosskurth H, Hayes RJ, Balira R, Wight D, Gavyole A, Makokha M, Mosha F, Terris-Prestholt F, Parry J. Biological and behavioural impact of an adolescent sexual health intervention in Tanzania: a community-randomised trial. AIDS 2007;21:1943-55

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Vallely A, Shagi C, Kasindi S, Desmond N, Lees S, Chiduo B, Hayes R, Allen C, Ross D , Microbicides Development Programme. The benefits of participatory methodologies to develop effective community dialogue in the context of a microbicide trial feasibility study in Mwanza, Tanzania. BMC Public Health 2007;7:133

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Wight D, Stephenson J. School-based sex education: evaluating teacher-delivered (SHARE) and peer-delivered (RIPPLE) programmes. In: Baker P, Guthrie K, Hutchinson C, Kane R, Wellings K, editors Teenage pregnancy and reproductive health. London: RCOG Press, 2007:263-74.

Williamson LM. Contraceptive careers: young women's choices, influences and risks [PhD], MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit 2007.

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Young R. Young people and self-harm 2007 [podcast]. Raj Persaud talks to series 2007

2006

Bolding G, Davis M, Hart G, Sherr L, Elford J. Heterosexual men and women who look for sex through the Internet. International Journal of STD & AIDS 2006;17:530-534

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Buston K, Wight D. The salience and utility of school sex education to young men. Sex Education 2006;6:135-150

Davis M, Hart G, Bolding G, Sherr L, Elford J. Sex and the Internet: gay men, risk reduction and serostatus. Culture, Health & Sexuality 2006;8:161-174

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Mshana G, Plummer M, Wamoyi J, Salamba Z, Ross D, Wight D. 'She was bewitched and caught an illness similar to AIDS' AIDS and sexually transmitted infection causation beliefs in rural Mwanza, Tanzania. Culture, Health & Sexuality 2006;8:45-58.

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Obasi A, Cleophas BF, Ross DA, Chima KL, Mmassey G, Gavyole A, Plummer M, Makokha M, Mujaya B, Todd J, Wight D, Grosskurth H, Mabey DC, Hayes R. Rationale and design of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent and reproductive health intervention in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. AIDS Care 2006;18:311-322.

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Pearson M, Sweeting H, West P, Young R, Gordon J, Turner J. Adolescent substance use in different social and peer contexts: a social network analysis. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy 2006;13:519-536

Plummer M, Mshana G, Wamoyi J, Salamba Z, Hayes R, Ross D, Wight D. 'The man who believed he had AIDS was cured' AIDS and sexually-transmitted infection treatment-seeking behaviour in rural Mwanza, Tanzania. AIDS Care 2006;18:460-466.

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Plummer M, Wight D, Wamoyi J, Mshana G, Hayes R, Ross D. 'Farming with your hoe in a sack' condom attitudes, access and use in rural Tanzania. Studies in Family Planning 2006;37:29-40

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Ross DA, Wight D, Dowsett G, Buvé A, Obasi AIN. The weight of evidence: a method for assessing the strength of evidence on the effectiveness of HIV prevention interventions among young people. In: Ross DA, Dick B, Ferguson J, editors Preventing HIV/AIDS in young people: a systematic review of the evidence from developing countries. (WHO Technical Report Series no. 938). Geneva: World Health Organization, 2006:79-102.

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Sweeting H, Young R, West P, Der G. Peer victimization and depression in early-mid adolescence: A longitudinal study. British Journal of Educational Psychology 2006;76:577-594

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Turner K, West P, Young R, Gordon J, Sweeting H. Could the peer group explain school differences in pupil smoking rates?. Social Science & Medicine 2006;62:2513-2525

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Wight D, Plummer M, Mshana G, Wamoyi J, Shigongo ZS, Ross DA. Contradictory sexual norms and expectations for young people in rural northern Tanzania. Social Science & Medicine 2006;62:987-997

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Wight D, Williamson LM, Henderson M. Parental influences on young people's sexual behaviour: a longitudinal analysis. Journal of Adolescence 2006;29:473-94.

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Young R, Sweeting H, West P. Prevalence of deliberate self harm and attempted suicide within contemporary Goth youth subculture: longitudinal cohort study. BMJ 2006;332:1058-1061

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2005

Bolding G, Davis M, Hart G, Sherr L, Elford J. Gay men who look for sex on the Internet: is there more HIV/sexually transmitted infection risk with online partners?. AIDS 2005;19:961-968

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Desmond N, Allen C, Plummer M, Justine B, Mzugu J, Watson-Jones D, Ross D. A typology of groups at risk of HIV/STI in a gold mining community in north-western Tanzania. Social Science & Medicine 2005;60:1739-1749

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Elford J, Bolding G, Sherr L, Hart G. High risk sexual behaviour among London gay men: no longer increasing. AIDS 2005;19:2171-2174

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Elford J, Hart G. HAART, viral load and sexual risk behaviour. AIDS 2005;19:205-207

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Harper H. The role of research in policy development: school sex education policy in Scotland since devolution [PhD], MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit 2005.

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Hayes R J, Changalucha J, Ross D, Gavyole A, Todd J, Obasi AIN, Plummer ML, Wight D, Mabey DC, Grosskurth H. The MEMA Kwa Vijana project: design of a community randomised trial of an innovative adolescent sexual health intervention in rural Tanzania. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2005;26:430-42.

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Henderson M, West P, Raab G.. School effects on health behaviours. Education and Health 2005;23:57-60

Imrie J, Mercer C, Hart G, Stephenson J . More to positive prevention than sexually transmitted infection screening [letter]. AIDS 2005;19:1708-9

Lees S, Wight D, Allen C, Desmond N, Chiduo B, Vallely A, Der G, Knight L, Hayes R, Ross DA. The reliability of coital diaries in collecting sexual behaviour data in a microbicides trial feasibility study in Mwanza, Tanzania. HIV/AIDS and STI News 2005;9:3-4

Parkes A, Henderson M, Wight D. Do sexual health services encourage teenagers to use condoms? A longitudinal study. Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care 2005;31:271-280

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Wight D. Impediments to developing social science research capacity in East Africa. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Occasional Paper 14, Glasgow, 2005

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Wight D. Peer-led sex education did not reduce the proportion of pupils having unprotected first intercourse before age 16: a review. Evidence-based Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2005;7:72-3

2004

Abraham C, Henderson M, Der G. Cognitive impact of a research-based school sex education programme. Psychology & Health 2004;19:689-703

Bolding G, Davis M, Sherr L, Hart G, Elford J. Use of gay Internet sites and views about health promotion among men who have sex with men. AIDS Care 2004;16:993-1001

pubmed  

Buston K, Wight D. Pupils' participation in sex education lessons: understanding variation across classes. Sex Education 2004;4:285-301

Buston K. Addressing the sexual health needs of young lesbian, gay and bisexual people. In: Duffy M, Burtney E, editors Young people and sexual health: social, political and individual contexts. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004:114-127.

Butcher I. Design and analysis of cluster randomised trials for behavioural interventions [PhD], 2004.

Davis M, Bolding G, Hart G, Sherr L, Elford J. Reflecting on the experience of interviewing online: perspective from the Internet and HIV study in London. AIDS Care 2004;16:944-952

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Elford J, Bolding G, Davis M, Sherr L, Hart G. The Internet and HIV study: design and methods. BMC Public Health 2004;4:39

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Elford J, Bolding G, Davis M, Sherr L, Hart G. Trends in sexual behaviour among London gay men 1998-2003: implications for HIV prevention and sexual health promotion. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2004;80:451-454

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Elford J, Bolding G, Davis M, Sherr L, Hart G. Web-based behavioural surveillance among men who have sex with men: a comparison of online and offline samples in London, UK. Journal of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 2004;35:421-426

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Fullerton D. More than words: a review of programmes that involve parents to promote positive sexual health among young people: Final Report to NHS Lothian and MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit. 2004

Kiapi-Iwa L, Hart G. The sexual and reproductive health of young people in Adjumani district, Uganda: qualitative study of the role of formal, informal and traditional health care providers. AIDS Care 2004;16:339-347

pubmed  

Plummer M, Ross D, Wight D, Changalucha J, Mshana G, Wamoyi J, Tood J, Anemona A, Mosha F, Obasi A, Hayes R. 'A bit more truthful' the validity of adolescent sexual behaviour data collected in rural northern Tanzania using five methods. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2004;80:Suppl II; ii49-ii56

pubmed  open access  

Plummer M, Wight D, Ross D, Balira R, Anemona A, Todd J, Salamba Z, Obasi A, Grosskurth H, Changalucha J, Hayes R. Asking semi-literate adolescents about sexual behaviour: The validity of Assisted Self-Completion Questionnaire (ASCQ) data in rural Tanzania. Tropical Medicine & International Health 2004;9:737-754

pubmed  open access  

Plummer M. Investigation of the sexual behaviour of young people in rural Tanzania [PhD], 2004.

Remes P. Betwixt & between: the experience of 10-14 year-olds: a literature review on very young adolescents. Belgium, 2004

Rogstad KE, Carter P, Hart G, Clinical Effectiveness Group of the British Association for Sexual Health and HIV . HIV testing for patients attending general medical services: concise guideline. Clinical Medicine 2004;4:136-9

pubmed  

Rosengarten M, Imrie J, Flowers P, Davis M, Hart G. After the euphoria: HIV medical technologies from the perspective of their prescribers. Sociology of Health & Illness 2004;26:575-596

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Ross M, Elford J, Sherr L, Hart G. The TREND statement: social science, communication and HIV/AIDS [editorial]. AIDS Care 2004;16:667-8

Turner K, Gordon J, Young R. Cigarette access and pupil smoking rates: a circular relationship. Health Promotion International 2004;19:428-436

pubmed  open access  

Wight D, Dixon H. SHARE: sexual health and relationships - safe, happy and responsible. Education and Health 2004;22:3-7

open access  

Wight D, Henderson M. The diversity of young people's heterosexual behaviour. In: Duffy M, Burtney E, editors Young people and sexual health: social, political and individual contexts. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004:15-33.

Young R, Sweeting H. Adolescent bullying, relationships, psychological well-being, and gender-atypical behavior: a gender diagnosticity approach. Sex Roles 2004;50:525-537

open access  

2003

Henderson M, Wight D, Raab G. Methodology for balanced randomisation: the SHARE trial. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Working Paper no. 11, Glasgow, 2003

Ross D, Wight D. What is the role of randomised trials in assessing sexual health interventions: developing countries perspective. In: Stephenson J, Imrie J, Bonell C, editors Effective sexual health interventions: issues in experimental evaluation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003:35-48.

Wight D, Buston K. Meeting needs but not changing goals: evaluation of in-service teacher training for sex education. Oxford Review of Education 2003;29:521-543

Wight D, Obasi A. Unpacking the Black Box: the importance of process data to explain outcomes. In: Stephenson J, Imrie J, Bonell C, editors Effective sexual health interventions: issues in experimental evaluation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003:151-166.

2002

Abraham C, Buston K, Hart G, Henderson M, Wight D, Raab G, Scott S. Overview from SHARE sex education project. Young people and sexual health: report of a deliberative seminar, 2002

Buston K, Wight D, Hart G, Scott S. Implementation of a teacher-delivered sex education programme: obstacles and facilitating factors. Health Education Research 2002;17:59-72

pubmed  open access  

Buston K, Wight D, Hart G. Inside the sex education classroom: the importance of context in engaging pupils. Culture, Health & Sexuality 2002;4:317-335

Buston K, Wight D. The salience and utility of school sex education to young women. Sex Education 2002;2:233-50

Henderson M, Wight D, Raab G, Abraham C, Buston K, Hart G, Scott S. Heterosexual risk behaviour among young teenagers in Scotland. Journal of Adolescence 2002;25:483-494

pubmed  

Wight D, Raab G, Henderson M, Abraham C, Buston K, Hart G, Scott S. The limits of teacher-delivered sex education: interim behavioural outcomes from a randomised trial. BMJ 2002;324:1430-33

pubmed  open access  

2001

Abraham C, Wight D, Scott S. Developing the SHARE sex education programme: from theory to classroom implementation. In: Rutter D, Quine L, editors Changing health behaviour: research and practice with social cognition models. Buckingham: Open University Press, 2001:1-35.

Buston K, Hart G. Heterosexism and homophobia in Scottish school sex education: exploring the nature of the problem. Journal of Adolescence 2001;24:95-109

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Buston K, Wight D, Scott S. Difficulty and diversity: the context and practice of sex education. British Journal of Sociology of Education 2001;22:353-368

Raab G, Butcher I. Balance in cluster randomised trials. Statistics in Medicine 2001;20:351-65

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Raab G, Butcher I. Randomisation inference for balanced cluster-randomised trials. Clinical Trials 2001;2:130-140

2000

Wight D, Abraham C. From psycho-social theory to sustainable classroom practice: developing a research-based teacher-delivered sex education programme. Health Education Research 2000;15:25-38

pubmed  open access  

Wight D, Henderson M, Raab G, Abraham C, Buston K, Scott S, Hart G. Regretted sexual intercourse among young teenagers in Scotland: a cross-sectional survey. BMJ 2000;320:1243-4

pubmed  

1999

Wight D. Limits to empowerment-based sex education. Health Education 1999;6:233-243

1998

Wight D, Abraham C, Scott S. Towards a psycho-social theoretical framework for sexual health promotion. Health Education Research 1998;13:317-330

pubmed  open access  

Wight D, Buston K, Henderson M. The SHARE Project: a rigorous evaluation of teacher-led sex education. Sex Education Matters16 1998;10-11

1997

Wight D. Does sex education make a difference?. Health Education 1997:52-6

1996

Abraham C, Wight D. Developing HIV-preventive behavioural interventions for young people in Scotland. International Journal of STD & AIDS 1996;7:39-42

pubmed  

Hart GJ, Wight D. Ethical issues in setting up a randomised controlled trial of health education for children: the case of teacher-led sex education in Scotland. In: Oakley A, Roberts H, editors Evaluating social interventions. London: Barnardos, 1996:66-81.