Evaluating the Health Effects of Social Interventions

Policy makers, such as politicians and civil servants, make decisions on a daily basis which affect our lives and possibly our health. These include decisions about whether and where to build new roads, how much to spend on building new housing, and how best to improve the public's health.

To help with this decision-making process they need continual access to good quality health research. This programme contributes to this by carrying out new studies, for example, into the effects of housing on health. It also brings together existing research and publishes it in summary form, as systematic literature reviews. Our overall aim is to ensure that policy decisions which may affect our health are based on the most reliable research evidence, rather than on poor evidence, anecdote, conventional wisdom, or "what has been done in the past".

This programme, funded by the Chief Scientist Office (CSO) of the Scottish Government Health Directorates, aims to produce evidence to support public health decision-making. In particular we focus on primary research and systematic reviews as a means of evaluating the actual health impacts of social interventions.

The main objectives of the programme are to:

  • Undertake systematic reviews of the effectiveness of social or health interventions (policies, programmes and projects) in improving health, and
  • Carry out primary studies evaluating the health impacts of social and health policies and interventions.

Much of our research at present is examining the effects on health and health inequalities of housing and regeneration, employment and welfare, and major sporting events. We also participate in projects aimed at developing new methodologies for evaluation and evidence synthesis.

The programme was led by Mark Petticrew until September 2007. Since January 2008 it has been led by Lyndal Bond.

Publications

[in press]

Katikireddi SV, McKee M, Craig P, Stuckler D. The NHS reforms in England: four challenges to evaluating success and failure. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine [in press]

Katikireddi SV, Valles S. Coupled ethical-epistemic analysis of public health research and practice: categorizing variables to improve population health and equity. American Journal of Public Health [in press]

Lawson K, Mason H, McIntosh E, Donaldson C. Priority setting in public health. In: Elsevier On-line Encyclopaedia of Health Economics. Elsevier, [in press].

Moore G, Audrey S, Barker M, Bond L, Bonell C, Hardeman W, Moore L, O’Cathain A, Tinati T, Wight D, Baird J. Process evaluation of complex interventions: Medical Research Council guidance. London, [in press]

Moore G, Audrey S, Barker M, Bond L, Bonell C, Hardeman W, Moore L, O’Cathain A, Tinati T, Wight D, Baird J. Process evaluation of complex interventions: a summary of Medical Research Council guidance. In: Richards D, Hallberg IR, editors Complex interventions in health: an overview of research methods. Abingdon: Routledge, [in press].

2014

Benzeval M, Bond L, Campbell M, Egan M, Lorenc T, Petticrew M, Popham F. How does money influence health?. Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York, 2014

open access  

Eberth B, Olajide D, Craig P, Ludbrook A. Smoking-related disease risk, area deprivation and health behaviours. Journal of Public Health 2014;36:72-80

open access  

Gorman DR, Katikireddi SV, Morris C, Chalmers JWT, Sim J, Szamotulska K, Mierzejewska E, Hughes RG. Ethnic variation in maternity care: a comparison of Polish and Scottish women delivering in Scotland 2004-2009. Public Health 2014;128:262–267

pubmed  

Katikireddi SV, Hilton S, Bonell C, Bond L. Understanding the development of Minimum Unit Pricing of alcohol in Scotland: a qualitative study of the policy process. PLoS One 2014;9:e91185

open access  

Katikireddi SV, Smith KE. Minimum unit pricing of alcohol in Scotland. In: Hill M, editor Studying public policy: an international approach. Bristol: Policy Press, 2014.

Lorenc T, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Neary D, Clayton S, Wright K, Thomson H, Cummins S, Sowden A, Renton A. Crime, fear of crime and mental health: synthesis of theory and systematic reviews of interventions and qualitative evidence. Public Health Research 2014;2:1-424

open access  

McIntosh E, Bond L, Donaldson C, Lawson K, Mason H. Economics of population health. In: Guest G, Namey E, editors Public Health Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 2014.

Niedzwiedz C, Katikireddi SV, Pell JP, Mitchell R. Socioeconomic inequalities in the quality of life of older Europeans in different welfare regimes. European Journal of Public Health 2014;24 :364-370

open access  

Niedzwiedz CL, Katikireddi SV, Pell JP, Mitchell R. The association between life course socioeconomic position and life satisfaction in different welfare states: European comparative study of individuals in early old age. Age and Ageing 2014;43:431-6

open access  

Robinson M, Geue C, Lewsey J, Mackay D, McCartney G, Curnock E, Beeston C. Evaluating the impact of the Alcohol Act on off-trade alcohol sales: a natural experiment in Scotland. Addiction 2014;[epub ahead of print]

2013

Baker J, Mitchell R, Lawson KD, Pell J. Ethnic differences in the cost-effectiveness of targeted and mass screening for high cardiovascular risk in the UK: cross-sectional study. Heart 2013;99:1766–1771

open access  

Bond L, Egan M, Kearns A, Tannahill C. GoWell: The challenges of evaluating regeneration as a population health intervention. Preventive Medicine 2013;57:941-947

open access  

Bond L, Kearns A, Tannahill C, Egan M, Mason P. Community outcomes over time: a comparison across 2006, 2008 and 2011 GoWell community surveys. GoWell, Glasgow, 2013

Bond L, Kearns A, Tannahill C, Egan M, Mason P. Housing outcomes over time: a comparison across 2006, 2008 and 2011 GoWell community surveys. GoWell, Glasgow, 2013

Bond L, Kearns A, Tannahill C, Egan M, Mason P. Neighbourhood outcomes over time: a comparison across 2006, 2008 and 2011 GoWell community surveys. GoWell, Glasgow, 2013

Bond L, McKee MJ, Sautkina E, Kearns A, Tannahill C, Cox J. Residents’ perspectives on mixed tenure communities: a qualitative study of social renters and owner occupiers. GoWell, 2013

open access  

Egan M, Katikireddi SV, Kearns A, Tannahill C, Kalacs M, Bond L. Health effects of neighborhood demolition and housing improvement: a prospective controlled study of 2 natural experiments in urban renewal. American Journal of Public Health 2013;103:e47-53

open access  

Egan M, Tannahill C, Bond L, Kearns A, Mason P. A synthesis of GoWell research findings about the links between regeneration and health. GoWell, Glasgow, 2013

Egan M, Tannahill C, Bond L, Kearns A, Mason P. Health outcomes over time: a comparison across 2006, 2008 and 2011 GoWell community surveys. GoWell, Glasgow, 2013

Egan M. Psychosocial interventions and salutogenic organizations: systematic review evidence of theory, context, implementation and outcome. In: Bauer G, Gregor J, editors Salutogenic organizations and change: the concepts behind organizational health intervention research. Dordrecht: Springer, 2013:19-36.

Fenwick E, MacDonald C, Thomson H. Economic analysis of the health impacts of housing improvement studies: a systematic review. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:835-45

open access  

Katikireddi SV, Higgins M, Smith KE, Williams G. Health inequalities: the need to move beyond bad behaviours [editorial]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:715-716

Katikireddi SV. The relationship between evidence and public health policy: case studies of the English public health white paper and minimum unit pricing in Scotland [PhD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2013.

open access  

Kearns A, McKee MJ, Sautkina E, Cox J, Bond L. How to mix? Spatial configurations, modes of production and resident perceptions of mixed tenure neighbourhoods. Cities 2013;35:397–408

Kearns A, McKee MJ, Sautkina E, Weeks G, Bond L. Mixed-tenure orthodoxy: practitioner reflections on policy effects. Cityscape 2013;15:43-68

open access  

Kearns A, Whitley E, Bond L, Egan M, Tannahill C. The psychosocial pathway to mental well-being at the local level: investigating the effects of perceived relative position in a deprived area context. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:87-94

pubmed  

Lawson KD, Kearns A, Petticrew M, Fenwick EAL. Investing in health: is social housing value for money? A cost-utility analysis. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:829-834

open access  

Lawson KD, Mercer SW, Wyke S, Grieve E, Guthrie B, Watt GCM, Fenwick EAL. Double trouble: the impact of multimorbidity and deprivation on preference-weighted health related quality of life - a cross sectional analysis of the Scottish Health Survey. International Journal of Health and Equity 2013;12:67

pubmed  open access  

Lorenc T, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Neary D, Clayton S, Wright K, Thomson H, Cummins S, Sowden A, Renton A. Environmental interventions to reduce fear of crime: systematic review of effectiveness. Systematic Reviews 2013;2:30

pubmed  open access  

Lorenc T, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Neary D, Clayton S, Wright K, Thomson H, Cummins S, Sowden A, Renton A. Fear of crime and the environment: systematic review of UK qualitative evidence. BMC Public Health 2013;13:496

pubmed  open access  

Maclean A, Sweeting H, Egan M, Der G, Adamson J, Hunt K. How robust is the evidence of an emerging or increasing female excess in physical morbidity between childhood and adolescence? Results of a systematic literature review and meta-analyses. Social Science & Medicine 2013;78:96-112

pubmed  open access  

McCartney G, Hanlon P, Bond L. How will the 2014 Commonwealth Games impact on Glasgow’s health, and how will we know?. Evaluation 2013;19:24-39

McKee MJ, Bond L, Kearns A, Sautkina E, Weeks G. Policy-maker and practitioner perspectives on mixed tenure communities: a qualitative study. GoWell, Glasgow, 2013

open access  

Moore G, Audrey S, Barker M, Bond L, Bonell C, Cooper C, Hardeman W, Moore L, O’Cathain A, Tinati T, Wight D, Baird J. Process evaluation in complex public health intervention studies: the need for guidance [editorial]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;68:101-102

open access  

Neary J, Egan M, Bond L, Keenan PJ, Lawson L. Damned if they do, damned if they don’t: negotiating the tricky context of anti-social behaviour and keeping safe in disadvantaged urban neighbourhoods. Journal of Youth Studies 2013;16:118-134

open access  

Skivington K. Incapacity benefit, employment transitions and health: evidence from longitudinal data and a qualitative study [PhD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2013.

open access  

Thomson H, Macdonald C, Higgins M, Palmer S, Douglas M. Health Impact Assessment of housing improvements: a guide. Glasgow, 2013

open access  

Thomson H, Thomas S, Sellström E, Petticrew M. Housing improvements for health and associated socio-economic outcomes: a systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 2013

open access  

Thomson H, Thomas S, Sellstrom E, Petticrew M. Housing improvements for health and associated socio-economic outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013;2:Art. No.: CD008657 DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008657.pub2.

open access  

Thomson H, Thomas S. The effect direction plot: visual display of non-standardised effects across multiple outcome domains. Research Synthesis Methods 2013;4:95–101

open access  

Thomson H. Improving utility of evidence synthesis for healthy public policy: the three Rs (relevance, rigor, and readability (and resources)). American Journal of Public Health 2013;103:e17-e23

open access  

2012

Bond L, Egan M, Kearns A, Clark J, Tannahill C. Smoking and intention to quit in deprived areas of Glasgow: is it related to housing improvements and neighbourhood regeneration because of improved mental health?. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2012;67:299-304

pubmed  open access  

Bond L, Kearns A, Mason P, Tannahill C, Egan M, Whitely E. Exploring the relationships between housing, neighbourhoods and mental wellbeing for residents of deprived areas. BMC Public Health 2012;12:48

pubmed  open access  

Burford BJ, Rehfuess E, Schünemann HJ, Akl EA, Waters E, Armstrong R, Thomson H, Doyle J, Pettman T. Assessing evidence in public health: the added value of GRADE. Journal of Public Health 2012;34:631-635

pubmed  open access  

Buston K, Parkes A, Thomson H, Wight D, Fenton C. Parenting interventions for male young offenders: a review of evidence on what works. Journal of Adolescence 2012;35:731-742

pubmed  open access  

Egan M, Bond L, Kearns A, Tannahill C. Is concern about young people's anti-social behaviour associated with poor health? Cross-sectional evidence from residents of deprived urban neighbourhoods. BMC Public Health 2012;12:217

pubmed  open access  

Egan M, MacLean A, Sweeting H, Hunt K. Comparing the effectiveness of using generic and specific search terms in electronic databases to identify health outcomes for a systematic review: a prospective comparative study of literature search methods. BMJ Open 2012;2:e001043.

pubmed  open access  

Egan M, Neary J, Keenan PJ, Bond L. Perceptions of antisocial behaviour and negative attitudes towards young people: focus group evidence from adult residents of disadvantaged urban neighbourhoods (Glasgow, UK). Journal of Youth Studies 2012;1:612-627

open access  

Firth N, Frydenberg E, Bond L. An evaluation of success and dyslexia, a multi component school-based coping program for primary school students with learning disabilities: is it feasible?. Australian Journal of Learning Disabilities 2012;17:147-162

Gibson M, Thomson H, Banas K, Bambra C, Fenton C, Bond L. Welfare to work interventions and their effects on health and well-being of lone parents and their children [protocol]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012:Issue 5

open access  

Katikireddi SV, Mclean JA. Introducing a minimum unit price for alcohol in Scotland: considerations under European law and the implications for European public health [commentary]. European Journal of Public Health 2012;22:457-458

open access  

Katikireddi SV, Niedzwiedz CL, Popham F. Trends in population mental health before and after the 2008 recession: a repeat cross-sectional analysis of the 1991–2010 Health Surveys of England. BMJ Open 2012;2:e001790

open access  

Kearns A, Whitley E, Bond L, Tannahill C. Residential psychosocial environment and mental wellbeing in deprived areas. International Journal of Housing Policy 2012;12:413-438

open access  

Kearns A, Whitley E, Mason P, Bond L. Living the high life: residential social and psychosocial outcomes for high-rise occupants in deprived context. Housing Studies 2012;27:97-126

Lorenc T, Clayton S, Neary D, Whitehead M, Petticrew M, Thomson H, Cummins S, Sowden A, Renton A. Crime, fear of crime, environment, and mental health and wellbeing: mapping review of theories and causal pathways. Health & Place 2012;18:757-765

pubmed  open access  

McIntosh E, Lawson K, Donaldson C, White M, Kee F, Deverill M, Bond L. Report on a workshop on methods for the economic evaluation of population health interventions: conceptual and practical challenges: MRC/CSO SPHSU Occasional Paper no. 23. MRC/CSO SPHSU Occasional Paper no. 23, 2012

open access  

Niedzwiedz CL, Katikireddi SV, Pell JP, Mitchell R. Life course socio-economic position and quality of life in adulthood: a systematic review of life course models. BMC Public Health 2012;12:628

open access  

Russ TC, Batty GD, Hearnshaw GF, Fenton C, Starr JM. Geographical variation in dementia: systematic review with meta-analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology 2012;41:1012-1032

pubmed  open access  

Sautkina E, Bond L, Kearns A. Mixed evidence on the mixed tenure effects: findings from a systematic review of UK studies, 1995-2009. Housing Studies 2012;27:748-782

open access  

Smith KE, Katikireddi SV. A glossary of theories for understanding policymaking. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2012;67:198-202

pubmed  open access  

Thomson H, Thomas S. External validity in healthy public policy: application of the RE-AIM tool to the field of housing improvement. BMC Public Health 2012;12:633

pubmed  open access  

2011

Bond L, Kearns A, Sautkina E. Mixed messages about mixed tenure: do reviews tell the real story?. Housing Studies 2011;26:69-94

open access  

Bond L, Nolan T. Making sense of perceptions of risk of diseases and vaccinations: a qualitative study combining models of health beliefs, decision-making and risk perception. BMC Public Health 2011;11:943

pubmed  open access  

Bonell CP, Hargreaves JR, Cousens SN, Ross DA, Hayes R J, Petticrew M, Kirkwood B. Alternatives to randomisation in the evaluation of public health interventions: design challenges and solutions. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2011;65:582-7

pubmed  

Butler H, Krelle A, Seal I, Trafford L, Drew S, Hargreaves J, Walter R, Bond L. The critical friend: facilitating change and wellbeing in school communities. Melbourne: ACER Press, 2011.

Calvin CM, Deary IJ, Fenton C, Roberts B, Der G, Leckenby N, Batty GD. Intelligence in youth and all-cause-mortality: systematic review with meta-analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology 2011;40:626-44

pubmed  

Egan M, Neary J, GoWell Team. GoWell Briefing Paper 15: intolerance and adult perceptions of antisocial behaviour: focus group evidence from disadvantaged neighbourhoods of Glasgow. GoWell Briefing Paper 15, Glasgow, 2011

pubmed  

Gartland D, Bond L, Olsson C, Buzwell S, Sawyer S M. Development of a multi-dimensional measure of resilience in adolescents: the Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire. BMC Public Health 2011;11:134

pubmed  open access  

Gibson M, Banas K, Thomson H, Bambra C, Bond L, McKee MJ, Lutje V, Fenton C. Welfare to work interventions and their effects on the health and well-being of lone parents and their children. Chief Scientist's Office, Edinburgh, 2011

open access  

Gibson M, Petticrew M, Bambra C, Sowden AJ, Wright KE, Whitehead M. Housing and health inequalities: a synthesis of systematic reviews of interventions aimed at different pathways linking housing and health. Health & Place 2011;17:175-184

pubmed  open access  

Gibson M, Thomson H, Kearns A, Petticrew M. Understanding the psychosocial impacts of housing type: qualitative evidence from a housing and regeneration intervention. Housing Studies 2011;26:555-73

open access  

Hempill S, Kotevski A, Herronkohl T, Bond L, Kim M, Toumbourou J, Catalano R. Longitudinal consequences of adolescent bullying perpetration and victimisation: a study of students in Victoria, Australia. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health 2011;21:107-16

pubmed  

Katikireddi SV, Higgins M, Bond L, Bonell C, Macintyre S. How evidence based is English public health policy?. BMJ 2011;343:d7310

pubmed  open access  

Mason P, Kearns A, Bond L. Neighbourhood walking and regeneration in deprived communities . Health & Place 2011;17:727-37

pubmed  

Neary J, Egan M, GoWell Team . GoWell Briefing Paper 16: young people's experience of intolerance, antisocial behaviour and keeping safe in disadvantaged areas of Glasgow. GoWell Briefing Paper 16, Glasgow, 2011

open access  

Petticrew M, Lee K. The 'Father of Stress' meets 'Big Tobacco': Hans Selye and the tobacco industry. American Journal of Public Health 2011;101:411-8

pubmed  

Petticrew M, McCartney G. Using systematic reviews to separate scientific from policy debate relevant to climate change. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2011;40:576-8

pubmed  

Thomson H. Housing improvements and their health effects . In: Braubach M , Jacobs DE , Ormandy D , editors WHO environmental burden of disease associated with inadequate housing. Bonn, Germany: WHO European Office, 2011:179-195.

open access  

2010

Aston E, Thomson H, Scoular A, Kearns A. Evaluation of GHA’s youth diversionary programme: Final Report. MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit/GoWell Report, Glasgow, 2010

Bambra C, Gibson M, Sowden A, Wright K, Whitehead M, Petticrew M. Tackling the wider social determinants of health and health inequalities: evidence from systematic reviews. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2010;64:284-91

pubmed  open access  

Bond L, Craig P, Egan M, Skivington K, Thomson H. Health improvement programmes: really too complex to evaluate? [letter]. BMJ 2010;340ID - 615:c1332

pubmed  open access  

Bond L, Craig P, Egan M, Skivington K, Thomson H. MRC guidelines and the evaluation of health improvement programmes: are health improvement programmes really too complex to assess their effectiveness? [rapid response]. BMJ 2010;340ID - 614:c185

open access  

Bond L, Egan M, GoWell Team . Bricks, mortar and more: mental wellbeing, resilience and regeneration. Scotregen (Quarterly Newsletter of Scottish Urban Regeneration Forum) 2010;Winter

open access  

Bonell C, Sorhaindo A, Strange V, Wiggins M, Allen E, Fletcher A, Oakley A, Bond L, Flay B, Patton G, Rhodes T. A pilot whole-school intervention to increase students’ social inclusion and engagement and reduce substance use. Health Education 2010;110:252-72

Delatycki MB, Wolthuizen M, Collins V, Varley E, Craven J, Allen KJ, Aitken M, Bond L, Lockhart PJ, Wilson GR, Macciocca I, Metcalfe SA. Implementation of ironXS: a study of the acceptability and feasibility of genetic screening for hereditary hemochromatosis in high schools. Clinical Genetics 2010;77:241-8

pubmed  

Egan M, Beck S, Bond L, Coyle J, Crawford F, Kearns A, Lawson L, Mason M, Tannahill C, Sautkina E, Thomson H, Walsh D, on behalf of the GoWell Team. Protocol for a mixed methods study investigating the impact of investment in housing, regeneration and neighbourhood renewal on the health and wellbeing of residents: the GoWell programme. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2010;10:41.

open access  

Egan M, GoWell Team. GoWell Briefing Paper 8: who says teenagers are a serious problem? GoWell's findings on householder perceptions of youth related problems in deprived areas of Glasgow. GoWell Briefing Paper 8, Glasgow, 2010

open access  

Lorgelly P, Lawson K, Fenwick E, Briggs A. Outcome measurement in economic evaluations of public health interventions: a role for the capability approach?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2010;7:2274-89

McCartney G, Palmer S, Winterbottom J, Jones R, Kendall R, Booker D. A health impact assessment of the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow. Public Health 2010;124:444-51

pubmed  open access  

McCartney G, Thomas S, Thomson H, Scott J, Hamilton V, Hanlon P, Morrison D S, Bond L. The health and socioeconomic impacts of major multi-sport events: systematic review (1978-2008). BMJ 2010;340:c2369

pubmed  open access  

McCartney G. How will the 2014 Commonwealth Games impact on Glasgow’s health, and how will we know? [MD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2010.

open access  

Ogilvie D, Mitchell R, Mutrie N, Petticrew M, Platt S. Shoe leather epidemiology: active travel and transport infrastructure in the urban landscape. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2010;7:43

pubmed  open access  

Sawyer M, Pfeiffer S, Spence S, Bond L, Graetz B, Kay D, Patton G, Sheffield J. School-based prevention of depression symptoms: a randomised controlled study of the beyondblue schools based initiative. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 2010;51:199-209

pubmed  

Sawyer M. G., Pfeiffer S., Spence S. H., Bond L., Graetz B., Kay D., Patton G., Sheffield J.. School-based prevention of depression: a randomised controlled study of the beyondblue schools research initiative. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 2010;51:199-209

Skivington K, McCartney G, Thomson H, Bond L. Challenges in evaluating Welfare to Work policy interventions: would an RCT design have been the answer to all our problems?. BMC Public Health 2010;10:254

pubmed  open access  

Tannahill C, Kearns A, Bond L. Strengthening mental health within communities. In: Goldie I, editor Public mental health today: a handbook. Brighton: Pavilion Publishing/Mental Health Foundation, 2010.

Thomson H, Thomas S, Sellstrom E, Petticrew M. Housing improvements for health and associated socio-economic outcomes [protocol]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010;9:CD008657

open access  

2009

Ayres J, Semple S, MacCalman L, Dempsey S, Hilton S, Hurley J, Miller B G, Naji A, Petticrew M. Bar workers' health and environmental tobacco smoke exposure (BHETSE): symptomatic improvement in bar staff following smoke-free legislation in Scotland. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2009;66:339-46

pubmed  open access  

Bambra C, Gibson M, Sowden A, Wright K, Whitehead M, Petticrew M. Working for health? Evidence from systematic reviews on the effects on health and health inequalities of organisational changes to the work environment. Preventive Medicine 2009;48:454-61

pubmed  

Bond L, Butler H. The Gatehouse Project: a multi-level integrated approach to promoting wellbeing in schools. In: Killoran A, Kelly M, editors Evidence-based public health: effectiveness and efficiency. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009:250-269.

Bond L, Leyland AH, Macintyre S, Wight D. Evaluation of a youth development programme demonstrates the need for the randomised roll-out of community interventions [rapid response] ID - 870. BMJ 2009:July 16th

open access  

Booker D, Palmer S, Winterbottom J, McCartney G, Jones R, Kendall R. 2014 Commonwealth Games Health Impact Assessment report: planning for legacy. Glasgow, 2009

open access  

Booker D, Palmer S, Winterbottom J, McCartney G, Jones R, Kendall R. 2014 Commonwealth Games Health Impact Assessment: summary report. Glasgow, 2009

open access  

Bray J K, McCartney G, Dunbar JK, Thoulass J. Health behaviour change: do we know what works and is this being implemented in Scotland?. The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians 2009

open access  

Craig P, Dieppe P, Macintyre S, Michie S, Nazareth I, Petticrew M. Developing and evaluating complex interventions: an introduction to the new Medical Research Council guidance. In: Killoran A, Kelly MP, editors Evidence-based public health: effectiveness and efficiency. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009:185-202.

Egan M, Bambra C, Petticrew M, Whitehead M. Reviewing evidence on complex social interventions: appraising implementation in systematic reviews of the health effects of organisational-level workplace interventions. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2009;63:4-11

pubmed  open access  

Egan M. Regeneration improves health: a fair assumption?. Scotregen 2009;47

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Gray S, Baker G, Wright A, Fitzsimons C, Mutrie N, Nimmo M, Scottish Physical Activity Research Collaboration. The effect of a 12 week walking intervention on markers of insulin resistance and systemic inflammation. Preventive Medicine 2009;48:39-44

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Hawe P, Bond L, Butler H. Knowledge theories can inform evaluation practice: what can a complexity lens add?. New Developments in Evaluation 2009;124:89-100

Kearns A, Tannahill C, Bond L. Regeneration and health: conceptualising the connections. Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal 2009;3:56-76.

McCartney G, Thomas S, Thomson H, Scott J, Hamilton V, Hanlon P, Morrison D, Bond L. A systematic review of the impact of major sports events on host populations [Interim findings report to key stakeholders]. Glasgow, 2009

Millington C, Ward-Thompson C, Rowe D, Aspinall P, Fitzsimons C, Nelson N, Mutrie N, and (on behalf of SPARColl: the Scottish Physical Activity Research Collaboration) . Development of the Scottish Walkability Assessment Tool (SWAT). Health & Place 2009;15:474-81

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Ogilvie D, Craig P, Griffin S, Macintyre S, Wareham N. A translational framework for public health research. BMC Public Health 2009;9:116

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Petticrew M, Kearns A, Mason P, Hoy C. The SHARP study: a quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the short-term outcomes of housing and neighbourhood renewal. BMC Public Health 2009;9:415

pubmed  open access  

Rodgers M, Arai L, Popay J, Britten N, Roberts H, Petticrew M, Sowden A. Testing methodological guidance on the conduct of narrative synthesis in systematic reviews: effectiveness of interventions to promote smoke alarm ownership and function. Evaluation 2009;15:49-73

Thomson H, Thomas Sian, Sellstrom E, Petticrew M. The health impacts of housing improvement: a systematic review of intervention studies from 1887 to 2007. American Journal of Public Health 2009;99:S681-S692

pubmed  open access  

Thomson H. Developing best available evidence to inform healthy public policy [PhD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2009.

open access  

Walker J, Mitchell R, Petticrew M, Platt S. The effects on health of a publicly-funded domestic heating programme: a prospective controlled study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2009;63:12-17

pubmed  open access  

Wilson P, Petticrew M, Booth A. After the gold rush? A systematic and critical review of general medical podcasts. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2009;102:69-74

pubmed  open access  

2008

Armstrong R, Waters E, Roberts H, Oliver S, Anderson L, Petticrew M. Systematic reviews of health promotion and public health interventions. In: Heggenhoughen K, Quah S, editors Encyclopedia of public health. San Diego: Academic Press, 2008:297-301.

Baker G, Mutrie N, Lowry R. Using pedometers as motivational tools. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education 2008;46:21-26

Bambra C, Gibson M, Petticrew M, Sowden A, Whitehead M, Wright K. Tackling the wider social determinants of health and health inequalities: evidence from systematic reviews. York, 2008

open access  

Bambra C, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Sowden A, Akers J. Shifting schedules: the health effects of reorganizing shift work. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2008;34:427-434.e30

Bambra C, Whitehead M, Sowden A, Akers J, Petticrew M. A hard day's night? The effects of compressed working week interventions on the health and work-life balance of shift workers: a systematic review. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2008;62:764-77

pubmed  open access  

Conway D, Petticrew M, Marlborough H, Berthiller J, Hashibe M, Macpherson L M. Socioeconomic inequalities and oral cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of case-control studies. International Journal of Cancer 2008;122:2811-9

pubmed  

Craig P, Dieppe P, Macintyre S, Michie S, Nazareth I, Petticrew M. Developing and evaluating complex interventions: new guidance. London, 2008

open access  

Craig P, Dieppe P, Macintyre S, Michie S, Nazareth I, Petticrew M. Developing and evaluating complex interventions: the new Medical Research Council guidance. BMJ 2008;337:a1655

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Cummins S, Findlay A, Higgins C, Petticrew M, Sparks L, Thomson H. Reducing inequalities in health and diet: findings from a study on the impact of a food retail development. Environment and Planning A 2008;40:402-422

Cummins S, Findlay A, Petticrew M, Sparks L. Retail-led regeneration and store-switching behaviour. Journal of Retailing & Consumer Services 2008;15:288-295

Egan M, Tannahill C, Petticrew M, Thomas S. Psychosocial risk factors in home and community settings and their associations with population health and health inequalities: a systematic meta-review. BMC Public Health 2008;8:239

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Fayter D, Main C, Misso K, Ogilvie D, Petticrew M, Sowden A, Stirk L, Thomas S, Whitehead M, Worthy G. Population tobacco control interventions and their effects on social inequalities in smoking. CRD Report 39, York, 2008

open access  

Fitzsimons C, Baker G, Wright A, Nimmo M, Ward-Thompson C, Lowry R, Millington C, Shaw R, Fenwick E, Ogilvie D, Inchley J, Foster C, Mutrie N. The ‘Walking for Wellbeing in the West’ randomised controlled trial of a pedometer-based walking programme in combination with a physical activity consultation with 12 month follow-up: rationale and study design. BMC Public Health 2008;8:259

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Gibson M, Thomson H, Petticrew M, Kearns A. Health and housing in the SHARP study: qualitative research findings. Edinburgh, 2008

open access  

Hilton S, Cameron J, MacLean A, Petticrew M. Observations from behind the bar: changing patrons' behaviours in response to smoke-free legislation in Scotland. BMC Public Health 2008;8:238

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Kearns A, Mason P, Petticrew M. SHARP survey findings: changes in residential circumstances. Scottish Government Social Research, Edinburgh, 2008

open access  

Kearns A, Petticrew M, Mason P, Whitley E. SHARP survey findings: mental health and wellbeing outcomes. Scottish Government Social Research, Edinburgh, 2008

open access  

Kearns A, Petticrew M, Mason P, Whitley E. SHARP survey findings: physical health and health behaviour outcomes. Scottish Government Social Research, Edinburgh, 2008

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Kearns A, Petticrew M, Mason P, Whitley E. SHARP survey findings: social and community outcomes. Edinburgh, 2008

open access  

Lucas PJ, McIntosh K, Petticrew M, Roberts HM, Shiell A. Financial benefits for child health and well-being in low income or socially disadvantaged families in developed world countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008;2:CD006358

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Main C, Thomas S, Ogilvie D, Stirk L, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Sowden A. Population tobacco control interventions and their effects on social inequalities in smoking: placing an equity lens on existing systematic reviews. BMC Public Health 2008;8:178

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Morrison D. Homelessness and deprivation in Glasgow: a 5-year retrospective cohort study of hospitalisations and deaths [MD], MRC Social and Public Health Sciences, Department of Community Medicine, University of Glasgow 2008.

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Ogilvie D, Fayter D, Petticrew M, Sowden A, Thomas S, Whitehead M. The harvest plot: a method for synthesising evidence about the differential effects of interventions. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2008;8:08

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Ogilvie D, Mitchell R, Mutrie N, Petticrew M, Platt S. Perceived characteristics of the environment associated with active travel: development and testing of a new scale. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2008;5:32

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Ogilvie D, Mitchell R, Mutrie N, Petticrew M, Platt S. Personal and environmental correlates of active travel and physical activity in a deprived urban population. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2008;5:43

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Petticrew M, Egan M, Thomson H, Hamilton V, Kunkler R, Roberts H. Publication bias in qualitative research: what becomes of qualitative research presented at conferences?. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2008;62:552-554

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Petticrew M, Kearns A, Hoy C, Gibson M, Mason P. The SHARP study: objectives, design and methodology. Edinburgh, 2008

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Petticrew M, Platt S, McCollam A, Wilson P, Thomas S. 'We're not short of people telling us what the problems are. We're short of people telling us what to do' theory, methods and findings of a mental health impact assessment. BMC Public Health 2008;8:314

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Prost A, Elford J, Imrie J, Petticrew M, Hart G. Social, behavioural, and intervention research among people of Sub-Saharan African origin living with HIV in the UK and Europe: literature review and recommendations for intervention. AIDS & Behavior 2008;12:170-94

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Thomas S, Fayter D, Misso K, Ogilvie D, Petticrew M, Sowden A, Whitehead M, Worthy G. Population tobacco control interventions and their effects on social inequalities in smoking: systematic review. Tobacco Control 2008;17:230-7

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Thomson H, Jepson R, Hurley F, Douglas M. Assessing the unintended health impacts of road transport policies and interventions: translating research evidence for use in policy and practice. BMC Public Health 2008;8:339

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Thomson H. A dose of realism for healthy urban policy: lessons from area based initiatives in the UK. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2008;62:932-36

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Thomson H. Assessing the health impacts of housing-led neighbourhood renewal [commentary]. British Urban Regeneration Association (BURA) 2008;2:19-20

Thomson H. HIA forecast: cloudy with sunny spells later? [viewpoint]. European Journal of Public Health 2008;18:436-8

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Tugwell P, Maxwell L, Welch V, Kristjansson E, Petticrew M, Wells G, Buchbinder R, Suarez-Almazor M, Nowlan M, Morris E, Khan M, Shea B, Tsikata S. Is health equity considered in systematic reviews of the Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group?. Arthritis Care and Research 2008;59:1603-10

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Waters E, Petticrew M, Priest N, Weightman A, Harden A, Doyle J. Evidence synthesis, upstream determinants and health inequalities: the role of a proposed new Cochrane Public Health Review Group. European Journal of Public Health 2008;18:221-3

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Wilson P, Petticrew M, on behalf of the Medical Research Council's Population Health Sciences Research Network Knowledge Transfer Project team , Calnan M, Nazareth I. Why promote the findings of single research studies?. BMJ 2008;336:722-3

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2007

Arai L, Britten N, Popay J, Roberts H, Petticrew M, Rodgers M, Sowden A. Testing methodological developments in the conduct of narrative: a demonstration review of research on the implementation of smoke alarm interventions. Evidence & Policy 2007;3:361-83

Armstrong R, Waters E, Jackson N, Oliver S, Popay J, Shepherd J, Petticrew M, Anderson L, Bailie R, Brunton G, Hawe P, Kristjansson E A, Naccarella L, Norrie S, Pienaar E, Roberts H, Rogers W, Sowden A, Thomas H. Guidelines for systematic reviews of health promotion and public health interventions: version 2. Melbourne, Australia, 2007

Bambra C, Egan M, Thomas S, Petticrew M, Whitehead M. The psychosocial and health effects of workplace reorganisation 2: a systematic review of task restructuring interventions. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2007;61:1028-1037

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Douglas M, Thomson H, (eds.). Health Impact Assessment of transport initiatives: a guide. NHS Health Scotland, MRC Social & Public Health Sciences Unit, Institute of Occupational Medicine, Edinburgh, 2007

Egan M, Bambra C, Thomas S, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Thomson H. The psychosocial and health effects of workplace reorganisation 1: a systematic review of organisational-level interventions that aim to increase employee control. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2007;61:945-954

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Egan M, Petticrew M, Ogilvie D, Hamilton V, Drever F. Profits before people? A systematic review of the health and safety impacts of privatising public utilities and industries in developed countries. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2007;61:862-870

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Egan M, Tannahill C, Petticrew M. GoWell Working Paper 8 : evidence of psychosocial risk factors in community settings: a scoping review of reviews. Glasgow, 2007

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Gebel K, Bauman A, Petticrew M. The physical environment and physical activity: a critical appraisal of review articles. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2007;32:361-369.e3

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Hills D, Elliott E, Kowarzik U, Sullivan F, Stern E, Platt S, Boydell L, Popay J, Williams G, Petticrew M, McGregor E, Russell S., Wilkinson E, Rugkasa J, Gibson M, McDaid D. The evaluation of the Big Lottery Fund Healthy Living Centres programme: Final Report. London, 2007

open access  

Hilton S, Semple S, Miller BG, MacCalman L, Petticrew M, Dempsey S, Naji A, Ayres JG. Expectations and changing attitudes of bar workers before and after the implementation of smoke-free legislation in Scotland. BMC Public Health 2007;7:206

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Kristjansson E A, Robinson V, Petticrew M, Macdonald B, Krasevec J, Janzen L, Greenhalgh T, Wells G, MacGowan J, Farmer A, Shea B J, Mayhew A, Tugwell P. School feeding for improving the physical and psychosocial health of disadvantaged elementary school children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007;Issue 1:CD004676

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Ogilvie D, Foster C E, Rothnie H, Cavill N, Hamilton V, Fitzsimons C F, Mutrie N, on behalf of the Scottish Physical Activity Research Collaboration . Interventions to promote walking: systematic review. BMJ 2007;334:1204-7

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Ogilvie D. Shifting towards healthier transport? From systematic review to primary research [PhD], MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit 2007.

open access  

Petticrew M, Cummins S, Sparks L, Findlay A. Validating health impact assessment: prediction is difficult (especially about the future). Environmental Impact Assessment Review 2007;27:101-107

Petticrew M, Semple S, Hilton S, Creely K, Eadie D, Ritchie D, Ferrell C, Christopher Y, Hurley F. Covert observation in practice: lessons from the evaluation of the prohibition of smoking in public places in Scotland. BMC Public Health 2007;7:204

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Petticrew M. More research needed: plugging gaps in the evidence base on health inequalities [editorial]. European Journal of Public Health 2007;17:411-3

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Platt S, Mitchell R, Petticrew M, Walker J, Hopton J, Martin C, Corbett J, Hope S . The Scottish Executive Central Heating Programme: assessing impacts on health. Edinburgh, 2007

Semple S, Maccalman L, Naji Audrey A, Dempsey S, Hilton S, Miller B, Ayres J G. Bar workers' exposure to second-hand smoke: the effect of Scottish smoke-free legislation on occupational exposure. Annals of Occupational Hygiene 2007;51:571-580

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Thomson H, Morrison D S, Petticrew M. Better homes, better neighbourhoods [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2007;61:214

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Thomson H, Morrison D S, Petticrew M. The health impacts of housing-led regeneration: a prospective controlled study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2007;61:211-214

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Thomson H, Petticrew M. Housing and health: heating improvements may hold promise for developing healthy housing policy [editorial]. BMJ 2007;334:434-5

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2006

Atkinson R, Thomson H, Kearns A, Petticrew M. Giving urban policy its 'medical': assessing the place of health in area-based regeneration. Policy & Politics 2006;34:5-26

Egan M, Kearns A. GoWell Working Paper 2: selection, definition and description of study. Glasgow, 2006

open access  

Egan M, Kearns A. GoWell Working Paper 3: community survey- wave 1 questionnaire. Glasgow, 2006

open access  

Gibson M, Petticrew M. Healthy living centre evaluation report on managers’ survey. London, 2006

Gibson M, Petticrew M. Healthy living centre evaluation report on stakeholders’ survey. London, 2006

Kearns A, Petticrew M, Hoy C, Mason P, Ferrell C. The effects of social housing on health and wellbeing: initial findings from the SHARP study - research from Communities Scotland. Report No 75. Edinburgh, 2006

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Ogilvie D, Mitchell R, Mutrie N, Petticrew M, Platt S. Evaluating health effects of transport interventions: methodologic case study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2006;31:118-126

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Petticrew M, Egan M. Healthy Public Policy. In: MacDowall W, Bonnell C, Davies M, editors Health promotion practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006:178-188.

Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Bambra C, Egan M, Graham H, Macintyre S, McDermott E. The Centre for Evidence-based Public Health Policy: part of the ESRC Evidence Network. In: Killoran A, Swann C, Kelly MP, editors Public health evidence: tackling health inequalities. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006:141-154.

Popay J, Roberts H , Sowden A , Petticrew M , Arai L, Rodgers M , Britten N, Roen K, Duffy S. Guidance on the conduct of narrative synthesis in systematic reviews: a product of the ESRC methods programme . Lancaster, 2006

Rankin D, Truman J, Backett-Milburn K, Platt S, Petticrew M. The contextual development of healthy living centres services: an examination of food-related initiatives. Health & Place 2006;12:644-55

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Thomson H, Atkinson R, Petticrew M, Kearns A. Do urban regeneration programmes improve public health and reduce health inequalities? A synthesis of the evidence from UK policy and practice (1980-2004). Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2006;60:108-115

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Thomson H, Kearns A. GoWell Working Paper 6 : assessing neighbourhood environments. Glasgow, 2006

open access  

Thomson H, Morrison D S, Petticrew M. Housing improvement and health: report to local housing providers and tenants. MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, 2006

Tugwell P, Petticrew M, Robinson V, Kristjanansson E, Maxwell L. Cochrane and Campbell Collaborations, and health equity. The Lancet 2006;367:1128-1130

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Walker JJ, Mitchell R, Platt S, Petticrew M, Hopton J. Does usage of domestic heating influence internal environmental conditions and health?. European Journal of Public Health 2006;16:463-469

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2005

Cummins S, Petticrew M, Higgins C, Findlay A, Sparks L. Large-scale food retailing as intervention for diet and health: quasi-experimental evaluation of a natural experiment. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2005;59:1035-1040

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Cummins S, Petticrew M, Sparks L, Findlay A, Higgins C. From steam engines to Sunny Delight [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2005;59ID - 1937:1034

Cummins S, Petticrew M, Sparks L, Findlay A. Large scale food retail interventions and diet. BMJ 2005;330:683-4

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Egan M, Petticrew M, Ogilvie D. Informing healthy transport policies: systematic reviews and research synthesis. Transportation Research Record, Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2005;1908:214-220

Jackson N, Waters E, Guidelines for Systematic Reviews in Health Promotion and Public Health Taskforce (including Petticrew M) . Guidelines for systematic reviews in health promotion and public health: criteria for the systematic review of health promotion and public health interventions. Health Promotion International 2005;20:367-374

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Ogilvie D, Egan M, Hamilton V, Petticrew M. Systematic reviews of health effects of social interventions 2: best available evidence: how low should you go?. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2005;59:886-892

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Ogilvie D, Hamilton V, Egan M, Petticrew M. Systematic reviews of health effects of social interventions 1: finding the evidence: how far should you go?. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2005;59:804-808

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Petticrew M, Cummins S, Ferrell C, Findlay A, Higgins C, Hoy C, Kearns A, Sparks L. Natural experiments: an underused tool for public health?. Public Health 2005;119:751-757

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Platt S, Backett-Milburn K, Petticrew M, Rankin D, Truman J. Evaluation of the Healthy Living Centre Programme in Scotland: Report of phase 1. Edinburgh, 2005

Thomson H, Petticrew M. Is housing improvement a potential health improvement strategy?. Geneva, 2005

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2004

Morrison DS, Thomson H, Petticrew M. An evaluation of the health effects of a neighbourhood traffic calming scheme. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2004;58:837-840

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Ogilvie D, Egan M, Hamilton V, Petticrew M. Promoting walking and cycling as an alternative to using cars: systematic review. BMJ 2004;329:763-6

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Ogilvie D, Petticrew M. Reducing social inequalities in smoking: can evidence inform policy? A pilot study. Tobacco Control 2004;13:129-131

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Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Macintyre S, Graham H, Egan M. Evidence for public health policy on inequalities: 1: the reality according to policymakers. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2004;58:811-816

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Roberts H, Petticrew M. Child public health and social welfare: lessons from the evidence [editorial]. Child: Care, Health and Development 2004;30:667-9

Thomson H, Hoskins R, Petticrew M, Ogilvie D, Craig N, Quinn T, Lindsay G. Evaluating the health effects of social interventions. BMJ 2004;328:282-285

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Thomson H, Kearns A, Petticrew M. An open and shut case: an investigation of the health impacts of local public swimming pool provision in two Glasgow neighbourhoods. Glasgow, 2004

Thomson H, Petticrew M. Assessing the health and social effects on residents following housing improvement: a protocol for a systematic review of intervention studies. Campbell Collaboration Systematic Review Protocol Meeting 2004

open access  

2003

Douglas M, Thomson H, Gaughan M. Health Impact Assessment of housing improvements: a guide. Scottish Health Impact Assessment Network and MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, 2003

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Egan M, Petticrew M, Ogilvie D, Hamilton V. New roads and human health: a systematic review. American Journal of Public Health 2003;93:1463-1471

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Morrison D, Petticrew M, Thomson H. What are the most effective ways of improving population health through transport interventions? Evidence from systematic reviews. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2003;57:327-333

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Morrison D, Thomson H, Petticrew M. Effects of disseminating research findings on response rates in a community survey: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2003;57:536-537

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Petticrew M, Roberts H. Evidence, hierarchies and typologies: horses for courses. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2003;57:527-529

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Petticrew M. Presumed innocent: why we need systematic reviews of social policies. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2003;24 (suppl 3):2-3

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Petticrew M. Why certain systematic reviews reach uncertain conclusions. BMJ 2003;326:756-758

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Thomson H, Kearns A, Petticrew M. Assessing the health impact of local amenities: a qualitative study of contrasting experiences of local swimming pool and leisure provision in two areas of Glasgow. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2003;57:663-667

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Thomson H, Petticrew M, Douglas M. Health Impact Assessment of housing improvements: incorporating research evidence. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2003;57:11-16

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2002

Elwy A R, Hart G, Hawkes S, Petticrew M. Effectiveness of interventions to prevent STI/HIV in heterosexual men: a systematic review. Archives of Internal Medicine 2002;162:1818-1830

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Hawkes S, Elwy AR, Hart G, Petticrew M. Interventions to prevent STI/HIV infection in men: a systematic review. Programming for Male Involvement in Reproductive Health. Report of the meeting of WHO regional advisers in reproductive health WHO/PAHO, Washington, 2001, Geneva, 2002

Petticrew M, Bell R, Hunter D. Coping and cancer outcome: a systematic review. BMJ 2002;325:1066-1069

open access  

Thomson H. Community amenities: a neglected health resource? [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2002;56:81

2001

Petticrew M. Systematic reviews from astronomy to zoology: myths and misconceptions. BMJ 2001;322:98-101

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Thomson H, Petticrew M, Morrison D. Housing improvement and health gain: a summary and systematic review. Glasgow, 2001

Thomson H, Petticrew M, Morrison D. Health effects of housing improvement: systematic review of intervention studies. BMJ 2001;323:187-190

pubmed  open access