Gender and Health

It has often been assumed that gender differences in health are inevitable and constant. Life expectancy, for example, is higher for women than men almost everywhere in the world. However, the extent of the gender difference in life expectancy varies greatly globally and within the same country over time. These geographic variations and rapid changes in gender differences in life expectancy illustrate the importance of the social environment in creating social inequalities in health, including inequalities by gender. Our aim is to examine whether, when and why various aspects of men’s and women's health are different, so that we can identify possible ways to improve health.

Our work is distinguished by systematic comparisons by gender. We focus on single sex samples only when there are strong theoretical, policy or practical reasons for doing so. We are investigating: how social structures, institutions and cultural expectations modify the patterning of health by sex and gender; and how the social environment and social constructions of gender influence health behaviours, use of health services, and the risk and experience of physical and mental ill-health.

We focus on health conditions (mental health, cancer, CHD, other chronic illness) and risk factors (obesity, alcohol, smoking, lack of physical activity, poor diet) which are public health priorities, impose large burdens on individuals and society, and provide illustrations of how illnesses can become gender-stereotyped. We have a strong focus on health behaviours because research, including our own, suggests that health behaviours are important for masculine and feminine identities and account for a substantial component of gender differences in morbidity and mortality.

We are using sociological understandings of gender in developing interventions to support behavioural changes, particularly in relation to overweight/obesity, physical inactivity and eating, including the award-winning Football Fans in Training programme.

http://www.ffit.org.uk/

Because various media sources are such important sites for portraying images of ‘appropriate’ masculinities and femininities, as well as being a common source of information of health, we also focus on film, print, TV and online media influences on health behaviours and gender identities.

Publications

[in press]

Green MJ, Leyland AH, Sweeting H, Benzeval M. Socioeconomic position and early adolescent smoking development: evidence from the British Youth Panel Survey (1994-2008). Tobacco Control [in press]

Hunt K, Wyke S, Gray C, Bunn C, Singh B. Football Fans in Training: a weight management and healthy living programme for men delivered via Scotland’s premier football clubs. In: Conrad D, White A, editors Sports-based health interventions: case studies from around the world. New York: Springer, [in press].

MacLean A, Harden J . Reflections on researching with children using ‘family group interviews’ as part of a qualitative longitudinal study. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies [special issue] [in press]

MacLean A, Hunt K, Gray C, Smillie S, Wyke S. How do men’s female relatives feature in their accounts of changing eating practices during a weight-management programme delivered through professional football clubs?. International Journal of Men’s Health [in press]

Sweeting H, Hunt K. Adolescent socio-economic and school-based social status, health and well-being. Social Science & Medicine [in press]

Wyke S, Hunt K, Gray C, Fenwick E, Bunn C, Donnan P, Rauchhaus P, Mutrie N, Anderson A, Boyer N, Brady A, Grieve E, White A, Ferrell C, Hindle E, Treweek S. Football Fans in Training (FFIT): a randomized controlled trial of a gender-sensitive weight loss and healthy living programme delivered to men aged 35-65 by Scottish Premier League (SPL) football clubs. Public Health Research [in press]

2014

Hanewinkel R, Sargent JD, Hunt K, Sweeting S, Engels RCME, Scholte RHJ, Mathis F, Florek E, Morgenstern M. Portrayal of alcohol consumption in movies and drinking initiation in low-risk adolescents. Pediatrics 2014;133:1-10

open access  

Hartley J, Wight D, Hunt K. Presuming the influence of the media: teenagers’ constructions of gender identity through sexual/romantic relationships and alcohol consumption. Sociology of Health & Illness 2014;36:772-86

open access  

Hunt K, Gray CM, Maclean A, Smillie S, Bunn C, Wyke S. Do weight management programmes delivered at professional football clubs attract and engage high risk men? A mixed-methods study. BMC Public Health 2014;14:50

open access  

Hunt K, Sweeting H. You have been QUALIFIED for a smokeless e-cig starter kit [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2014;68:786

open access  

Hunt K, Wyke S, Gray CM, Anderson AS, Brady A, Bunn C, Donnan PT, Fenwick E, Grieve E, Leishman J, Miller E, Mutrie N, Rauchhaus P, White A, Treweek S. A gender-sensitised weight loss and healthy living programme for overweight and obese men delivered by Scottish Premier League football clubs (FFIT): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. The Lancet 2014;383:1211-21

open access  

Lyons AC, Emslie C, Hunt K. Staying 'in the zone' but not passing the 'point of no return': embodiment, gender and drinking in mid-life. Sociology of Health & Illness 2014;36:264-277

open access  

Morgenstern M, Sargent JD, Sweeting H, Faggiano F, Mathis F, Hanewinkel R. Favourite alcohol advertisements and binge drinking among adolescents: a cross-cultural cohort study. Addiction 2014;[epub ahead of print]

pubmed  

Räisänen U, Hunt K. The role of gendered constructions of eating disorders in delayed help-seeking in men: a qualitative interview study. BMJ Open 2014;4:e004342

open access  

Sartania N, McClure JD, Sweeting H, Browitt A. Predictive power of UKCAT and other pre-admission measures for performance in a medical school in Glasgow: a cohort study. BMC Medical Education 2014;14

open access  

Sweeting H, Bhaskar A, Benzeval M, Popham F, Hunt K. Changing gender roles and attitudes and their implications for well-being around the new millennium. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2014;49

open access  

Wang Y, Freemantle N, Nazareth I, Hunt K. Gender differences in survival and the use of primary care prior to diagnosis of three cancers: an analysis of routinely collected UK general practice data. PLoS One 2014;9:e101562

open access  

Whitley E, Batty DG, Hunt K, Popham F, Benzeval M. The role of health behaviours across the life course in the socioeconomic patterning of all-cause mortality: the West of Scotland Twenty-07 prospective cohort study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2014;47:148-157

open access  

Ziebland S, Hunt K. Using secondary analysis of qualitative data of patient experiences of health care to inform health services research and policy. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy 2014;19:177-182

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2013

Emslie C, Hunt K, Lyons A. The role of alcohol in forging and maintaining friendships amongst Scottish men in midlife. Health Psychology 2013;32:33-41

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France E, Hunt K, Wyke S, Dow C. Do men’s and women’s accounts of surviving a stroke conform to Frank’s narrative genres?. Qualitative Health Research 2013;23:1649-1659

France E, Hunt K, Ziebland S, Wyke S. What parents say about disclosing the end of their pregnancy due to fetal abnormality. Midwifery 2013;29:24–32

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Gray CM, Hunt K, Mutrie N, Anderson A, Leishman J, Dalgarno L, Wyke S. Football fans in training: the development and optimization of an intervention delivered through professional sports clubs to help men lose weight, become more active and adopt healthier eating habits. BMC Public Health 2013;13:232

open access  

Gray CM, Hunt K, Mutrie N, Anderson AS, Treweek S, Wyke S. Weight management for overweight and obese men delivered through professional football clubs: a pilot randomized trial. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2013;10:121

open access  

Green MJ, Leyland AH, Sweeting H, Benzeval M. Socioeconomic position and adolescent trajectories in smoking, drinking and psychiatric distress. Journal of Adolescent Health 2013;53:202-08

open access  

Hanewinkel R, Sargent J D, Karlsdottir S, Jonsson S H, Mathis F, Faggiano F, Poelen E A P, Scholte R, Florek E, Sweeting H, Hunt K, Morgenstein M. High youth access to movies that contain smoking in Europe compared with the USA. Tobacco Control 2013;22:241-244

pubmed  open access  

Harden J, Backett-Milburn K, MacLean A, Jamieson L. Home and away: constructing family and childhood in the context of working parenthood. Children's Geographies 2013;11:298-310

open access  

Hilton S, Patterson C, Smith E, Bedford H, Hunt K. Teenagers' understandings of and attitudes towards vaccines and vaccine-preventable diseases: a qualitative study. Vaccine 2013;31:2543–2550

open access  

Hunt K, McCann C, Gray CM, Mutrie N, Wyke S. 'You've got to walk before you run' positive evaluations of a walking program as part of a gender sensitized weight management program delivered to men through professional football clubs. Health Psychology 2013;32:57-65

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MacLean A, Hunt K, Sweeting H. Symptoms of mental health problems: children’s and adolescents’ understanding and implications for gender differences in help-seeking. Children & Society 2013;27:161–173

open access  

Maclean A, Sweeting H, Egan M, Der G, Adamson J, Hunt K. How robust is the evidence of an emerging or increasing female excess in physical morbidity between childhood and adolescence? Results of a systematic literature review and meta-analyses. Social Science & Medicine 2013;78:96-112

pubmed  open access  

Morgenstern M, Sargent JD, Engels RC, Scholte RH, Florek E, Hunt K, Sweeting H, Mathis F, Faggiano F, Hanewinkel R. Smoking in movies and adolescent smoking initiation: longitudinal study in six European countries. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2013;44:339-344

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Parkes A, Wight D, Hunt K, Henderson M, Sargent J. Are sexual media exposure, parental restrictions on media use and co-viewing TV and DVDs with parents and friends associated with teenagers' early sexual behaviour?. Journal of Adolescence 2013;36:1121–1133

open access  

Smith E, Sweeting H, Wright C. 'Do I care?' young adults' recalled experiences of early adolescent overweight and obesity: a qualitative study. International Journal of Obesity 2013;37:303-8

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Sweeting H, Bhaskar A . The Adolescent Lifestyles in Contemporary Europe (ALICE) Study: one year follow-up (2011) frequencies and documentation. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Working paper no. 30, Glasgow, 2013

Wang Y, Hunt K, Freemantle N, Nazareth I, Petersen I. Do men consult less than women? An analysis of routinely collected UK general practice data. BMJ open 2013;3:e003320

open access  

Wyke S, Adamson J, Dixon D, Hunt K. Consultation and illness behaviour in response to symptoms: a comparison of models from different disciplinary frameworks and suggestions for future research directions. Social Science & Medicine 2013;86:79-87

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2012

Batty GD, Bhaskar A, Emslie C, Benzeval M, Der G, Lewar H, Hunt K. Association of life course socioeconomic disadvantage with future problem drinking and heavy drinking: gender differentials in the West of Scotland. International Journal of Public Health 2012;57:119-26

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Egan M, MacLean A, Sweeting H, Hunt K. Comparing the effectiveness of using generic and specific search terms in electronic databases to identify health outcomes for a systematic review: a prospective comparative study of literature search methods. BMJ Open 2012;2:e001043.

pubmed  open access  

Emslie C, Hunt K, Lyons A. Older and wiser? Men’s and women’s accounts of drinking in early mid-life. Sociology of Health & Illness 2012;34:481-96

pubmed  open access  

France EF, Locock L, Hunt K, Ziebland S, Field K, Wyke S. Imagined futures: how experiential knowledge of disability affects parents' decision-making about fetal abnormality. Health Expectations 2012;15:139-156

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Green MJ, Espie CA, Hunt K, Benzeval M. The longitudinal course of insomnia symptoms: inequalities by gender and occupational class among two different age cohorts followed for 20 years in the West of Scotland. Sleep 2012;35:815-23

pubmed  open access  

Hanewinkel R, Sargent JD, Poelen EAP, Scholte R, Florek E, Hunt K, Sweeting H, Karlsdottir S, Jonsson SH, Mathis F, Faggiano F, Morgenstein M. Alcohol consumption in movies and adolescent binge drinking: cross-sectional study in six European countries. Pediatrics 2012;129:709-20

pubmed  open access  

Harden J, MacLean A, Backett-Milburn K, Cunningham-Burley S. The ‘Family-Work Project’: children’s and parents’ experiences of working parenthood. Families, Relationships and Societies 2012;1:207-222

Hunt K, Annandale E. Gender and health volume 1: theoretical and methodological developments. Abingdon: Routledge, 2012.

Hunt K, Annandale E. Gender and health volume 2: understanding the patterning of health by gender. Abingdon: Routledge, 2012.

Hunt K, Annandale E. Gender and health volume 3: gender and health care. Abingdon: Routledge, 2012.

Hunt K, Annandale E. Gender and health volume 4: gender and health behaviours. Abingdon: Routledge, 2012.

Jackson CA, Sweeting H, Haw S. Clustering of substance use and sexual risk behaviour in adolescence: analysis of two cohort studies. BMJ Open 2012;2:e000661

pubmed  open access  

Parkes A, Sweeting H, Wight D. Growing up in Scotland: overweight, obesity and activity - Main Report. Edinburgh, 2012

open access  

Parkes A, Sweeting H, Wight D. Growing up in Scotland: overweight, obesity and activity - Research Findings no. 4. Edinburgh, 2012

open access  

Parkes A, Sweeting H, Wight D. Growing up in Scotland: overweight, obesity and activity - Technical Appendix. Edinburgh, 2012

open access  

Sime CA. Men’s experiences of having breast cancer: a comparison with women’s experiences [PhD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2012.

open access  

Sweeting H, Bhaskar A, Hunt K. Positive associations between consumerism and tobacco and alcohol use in early adolescence: cross-sectional study. BMJ Open 2012;2:e001446

open access  

Sweeting H, Hunt K, Bhaskar A. Consumerism and well-being in early adolescence. Journal of Youth Studies 2012;15:802-20

open access  

Townsend A. Applying Bourdieu’s theory to accounts of living with multimorbidity. Chronic Illness 2012;8:89-101

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Wyke S, Hunt K, Gray CM. 11 PRT/8506: Football Fans in Training (FFIT): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial of a gender-sensitised weight loss and healthy living programme delivered to men aged 35–65 years by Scottish Premier League football clubs (ISRCTN32677491) [protocol]. The Lancet 2012

open access  

Young R, Sweeting H, West P. Associations between DSM-IV diagnosis, psychiatric symptoms and morning cortisol levels in a community sample of adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2012;47:723-733

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2011

Adamson J, Hunt K, Nazareth I. The influence of socio-demographic characteristics on consultation for back pain: a review of the literature. Family Practice 2011;28:163-71

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Carroll D, Phillips AC, Der G, Hunt K, Benzeval M. Blood pressure reactions to acute mental stress and future blood pressure status: data from the 12-year follow-up in the West of Scotland Study. Psychosomatic Medicine 2011;73:737-42

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Entwistle V A, France E F, Wyke S, Jepson R, Hunt K, Ziebland S, Thompson A. How information about other people's personal experiences can help with healthcare decision-making: a qualitative study. Patient Education and Counselling 2011;85:e291-8

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Fergie G. Young people’s engagement with health online [MSc], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2011.

France E F, Wyke S, Ziebland S, Entwistle V, Hunt K. How personal experiences feature in women's accounts of use of information for decisions about antenatal diagnostic testing for foetal abnormality. Social Science & Medicine 2011;72:755-62

pubmed  

Gray C M, Hunt K, Lorimer K, Anderson AS, Benzeval M, Wyke S. Words matter: a qualitative investigation of which weight status terms are acceptable and motivate weight loss when used by health professionals. BMC Public Health 2011;11:513

pubmed  open access  

Hartley J. Do media portrayals of drinking and sexual/romantic relationships shape constructions of gendered identities among teenagers? [PhD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2011.

open access  

Hunt K, Adamson J, Hewitt C, Nazareth I. Do women consult more than men? A review of gender and consultation for back pain and headache. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy 2011;16:108-17

pubmed  open access  

Hunt K, Henderson M, Wight D, Sargent J D. Exposure to smoking in films and own smoking among Scottish adolescents: a cross-sectional study. Thorax 2011;66:866-74

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Hunt K, Sweeting H, Sargent J, Lewars H, Young R, West P. Is there an association between seeing incidents of alcohol or drug use in films and young Scottish adults' own alcohol or drug use? A cross sectional study. BMC Public Health 2011;11:259

pubmed  open access  

Lorimer K, Gray C M, Hunt K, Wyke S, Anderson A, Benzeval M. Response to written feedback of clinical data within a longitudinal study: a qualitative study exploring the ethical implications. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2011;11:10

pubmed  open access  

MacLean A, Egan M, Sweeting H, Adamson J, Hunt K. Systematic review protocol: how robust is the evidence of an emerging or increasing female excess in morbidity rates between childhood and adolescence?. Glasgow, 2011

open access  

McCartney G, Mahmood L, Leyland AH, Batty GD, Hunt K . Contribution of smoking-related and alcohol-related deaths to the gender gap in mortality: evidence from 30 European countries. Tobacco Control 2011;20:166-8

pubmed  open access  

Morgenstern M, Poelen E A, Scholte R, Karlsdottir S, Jonsson S H, Mathis F, Faggiano F, Florek E, Sweeting H, Hunt K, Sargent J D, Hanewinkel R. Smoking in movies and adolescent smoking: cross-cultural study in six European countries. Thorax 2011;66:875-83

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Phillips C, Hunt K, Der G, Carroll D. Blunted cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress predict symptoms of depression five years later: evidence from a large community study. Psychophysiology 2011;48:142-8

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Ridge D, Emslie C, White A. Understanding how men experience, express and cope with mental distress: where next?. Sociology of Health & Illness 2011;33:145-59

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Sweeting H, Jackson C, Haw S. Changes in the socio-demographic patterning of late adolescent health risk behaviours during the 1990s: analysis of two West of Scotland cohort studies. BMC Public Health 2011;11:829

pubmed  open access  

Sweeting H, West P, Young R, Kelly S. Dimensions of adolescent subjective social status within the school community: description and correlates. Journal of Adolescence 2011;34:493-504

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Sweeting H. No admittance to obese persons [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2011;65:386

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Wyke S, Entwistle V, France E F, Hunt K, Jepson R, Thompson A, Ziebland S. Information for choice: what people need, prefer and use. Report for the National Institute for Health Research Service Delivery and Organisation programme. London, 2011

open access  

2010

Green G, Emslie C, O'Neill D, Hunt K, Walker S. Exploring the ambiguities of masculinity in accounts of emotional distress in the military among young ex-servicemen. Social Science & Medicine 2010;71:1480-88

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Harden J, Backett-Millburn K, Hill M, MacLean A. Oh what a tangled web we weave: experiences of doing ‘multiple perspectives’ research in families. International Journal for Social Research Methodology 2010;13:441-452

Hunt K, Adamson J, Ebrahim S, Mutrie N. Exercise and the onset of disability in later life. Journal of Aging and Health 2010;22:734-47

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Hunt K, Adamson J, Galdas P. Gender and help-seeking: towards gender-comparative studies. In: Kuhlmann E, Annandale E, editors The Palgrave handbook of gender and healthcare. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

MacLean A, Sweeting H, Hunt K. ‘Rules’ for boys, ‘guidelines’ for girls: gender differences in symptom reporting during childhood and adolescence. Social Science & Medicine 2010;70:597-604

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Smith E. Bothered enough to change? A qualitative investigation of recalled adolescent experiences of obesity [PhD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2010.

Sweeting H, West P, Young R, Der G. Can we explain increases in young people's psychological distress over time?. Social Science & Medicine 2010;71:1819-30

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West P, Sweeting H, Young R, Kelly S. The relative importance of family socioeconomic status and school-based peer hierarchies for morning cortisol in youth: an exploratory study. Social Science & Medicine 2010;70:1246-53

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West P, Sweeting H, Young R. Transition matters: pupils' experiences of the primary-secondary school transition in the West of Scotland and consequences for well-being and attainment. Research Papers in Education 2010;25:21-50

open access  

2009

Batty GD, Hunt K, Emslie C, Lewars H, Gale C. Alcohol problems and all-cause mortality in men and women: predictive capacity of a clinical screening tool in a 21 year follow-up of a large, UK-wide, general population-based survey. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2009;66:317-321

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Batty GD, Lewars H, Emslie C, Gale C, Hunt K. Internationally recognised guidelines for 'sensible' alcohol consumption: is exceeding them actually detrimental to health and social circumstances? Evidence from a population-based cohort study. Journal of Public Health 2009;31:360-5

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Emslie C, Browne S, MacLeod U, Rozmovits L, Mitchell E, Ziebland S. 'Getting through' not 'going under': a qualitative study of gender and spousal support after diagnosis with colorectal cancer. Social Science & Medicine 2009;68:1169-76

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Emslie C, Hunt K. 'Live to work' or 'work to live'? A qualitative study of gender and work-life balance among men and women in mid-life. Gender, Work and Organization 2009;16:151-172

open access  

Emslie C, Hunt K. Men, masculinities and heart disease: a systematic review of the qualitative literature. Current Sociology Monograph 2009;57:155-191

Emslie C, Lewars H, Batty GD, Hunt K. Are there gender differences in levels of heavy, binge and problem drinking? Evidence from three generations in the West of Scotland. Public Health 2009;123:12-14

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Emslie C, Mitchell R. Are there gender differences in the geography of alcohol-related mortality in Scotland? An ecological study. BMC Public Health 2009;9:58

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Gray C, Anderson A, Dalziel A, Hunt K, Leishman J, Wyke S. Addressing male obesity: an evaluation of a group-based weight management intervention for Scottish men. Journal of Men's Health and Gender 2009;6:70-81

Gurney S. Gender, work-life balance and health amongst women and men in administrative, manual and technical jobs in a single organisation: a qualitative study [PhD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2009.

open access  

Hilton S, Emslie C, Hunt K, Chapple A, Ziebland S. Disclosing a cancer diagnosis to friends and family: a gendered analysis of young men and women’s experiences. Qualitative Health Research 2009;19:744-54

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Hunt K, Batty GD. Gender and socioeconomic inequalities in mortality and health behaviours: an overview. In: Graham H, editor Understanding health inequalities. Second ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press, 2009:141-161.

Hunt K, France E, Ziebland S, Field K, Wyke S. 'My brain couldn't move from planning a birth to planning a funeral' a qualitative study of parents' experiences of decisions after ending a pregnancy for fetal abnormality. International Journal of Nursing Studies 2009;46:1111-21.

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Hunt K, Sweeting H, Sargent J, Lewars H, Dal Cin S, Worth K. An examination of the association between seeing smoking in films and tobacco use in young adults in the West of Scotland: cross-sectional study. Health Education Research 2009;24:22-31

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O'Brien R, Hunt K, Hart GJ. ‘The average Scottish man has a cigarette hanging out of his mouth, lying there with a portion of chips’: prospects for change in Scottish men’s constructions of masculinity and their health-related beliefs and behaviours. Critical Public Health 2009;19:363-81

Phillips AC, Gallagher S, Hunt K, Der G, Carroll D. Symptoms of depression in non-routine caregivers: the role of caregiver strain and burden . British Journal of Clinical Psychology 2009;48:335-46

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2008

Batty GD, Deary IJ, Schoon I, Emslie C, Hunt K, Gale C. Childhood mental ability and adult alcohol intake and alcohol problems: the 1970 British Cohort Study. American Journal of Public Health 2008;98:2237-43

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Batty GD, Lewars H, Emslie C, Benzeval M, Hunt K. Problem drinking and exceeding guidelines for 'sensible' alcohol consumption in Scottish men: associations with life course socioeconomic disadvantage in a population-based cohort study. BMC Public Health 2008;8:302

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Elliot R. Women and smoking since 1890. Abingdon: Routledge, 2008.

Emslie C, Hunt K. The weaker sex? Exploring lay understandings of gender differences in life expectancy: a qualitative study. Social Science & Medicine 2008;67:808-16

pubmed  open access  

Hilton S, Hunt K, Emslie C , Salinas M , Ziebland S. Have men been overlooked? A comparison of young men and women's experiences of chemotherapy-induced alopecia. Psycho-Oncology 2008;17:577-83

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Townsend A, Wyke S, Hunt K. Frequent consulting and multiple morbidity: a qualitative comparison of 'high' and 'low' consulters of general practitioners. Family Practice 2008;25:168-175

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2007

Carroll D, Phillips AC, Hunt K, Der G. Symptoms of depression and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress: evidence from a population study. Biological Psychology 2007;75:68-74

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Emslie C, Ridge D, Ziebland S, Hunt K. Exploring men's and women's experiences of depression and engagement with health professionals: more similarities than differences? A qualitative interview study. BMC Family Practice 2007;8:43

pubmed  open access  

Emslie C, Whyte F, Campbell A, Mutrie N, Lee L, Ritchie D, Kearney N. 'I wouldn't have been interested in just sitting round a table talking about cancer' exploring the experiences of women with breast cancer in a group exercise trial. Health Education Research 2007;22:827-38

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Emslie C. Kvinder, mænd og iskæmisk hjertesygdom: review af kvalitative studier - sekundærpublikation [Translated reprint of Emslie 2005: Women, men and coronary heart disease]. Tidsskrift for Sygelplejeforskning (Journal of Nursing Research) 2007;23:15-29

Gurney S, Emslie C, Macintyre S. Perceptions of work-life balance in 'ResearchOrg'. Glasgow, 2007

Hilton S, Hunt K, Petticrew M. Gaps in parental understandings and experiences of vaccine-preventable diseases: a qualitative study. Child: Care, Health and Development 2007;33:170-179

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Hunt K, Lewars H, Emslie C, Batty GD. Decreased risk of death from coronary heart disease amongst men with higher 'femininity' scores: a general population cohort study. International Journal of Epidemiology 2007;36:612-620

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Hunt K. Understanding gender and health: systematically comparing the health and health experiences of men and women [PhD], MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit 2007.

Mutrie N, Campbell A, Whyte F, McConnachie A, Emslie C, Lee L, Kearney N, Walker A, Ritchie D. Benefits of supervised group exercise programme for women being treated for early stage breast cancer: pragmatic randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2007;334:517-20

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O'Brien R, Hart G, Hunt K. Standing out from the herd: men renegotiating masculinity in relation to their experience of illness. International Journal of Men's Health 2007;6:178-200

2006

Adamson J, Ebrahim S, Dieppe P, Hunt K. Prevalence and risk factors for joint pain among men and women in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2006;65:520-524

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Elliot R. 'Because everybody did it then': smoking among women in Britain 1930-2000 from oral history sources. Women's History Review 2006;15:297-322

Elliott A M, Hannaford P C, Smith B H, Wyke S, Hunt K. Symptom experience and subsequent mortality: results from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study. BMC Health Services Research 2006;6:158-167

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Emslie C, Hunt K. Genetic susceptibility. In: Clarke A, Ticehurst F, editors Living with the Genome: ethical and social aspects of human genetics. Houndsmill, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006:102-107.

Emslie C, Ridge D, Ziebland S, Hunt K. Men's accounts of depression: reconstructing or resisting hegemonic masculinity?. Social Science & Medicine 2006;62:2246-2257

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Hunt K, Sweeting H, Keoghan M, Platt S. Sex, gender role orientation, gender role attitudes and suicidal thoughts in three generations: a general population study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2006;41:641-7

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MacLean A. Rules for the boys, guidelines for the girls: a qualitative study of the factors influencing gender differences in symptom reporting during childhood and adolescence [PhD], MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit 2006.

open access  

O'Brien R. Men's health and illness: the relationship between masculinities and health [PhD], MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit 2006.

open access  

Scanlon K, Harding S, Hunt K, Petticrew M, Rosato M, Williams R. Potential barriers to the prevention of cancers and to early cancer detection among Irish people living in Britain: a qualitative study. Ethnicity & Health 2006;11:325-341

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Townsend A, Wyke S, Hunt K. Self-managing and managing self: practical and moral dilemmas in accounts of living with chronic illness. Chronic Illness 2006;2:185-194

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2005

Emslie C. Women, men and coronary heart disease: a review of the qualitative literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2005;51:382-395

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O'Brien R, Hunt K, Hart G. 'It's caveman stuff, but that is to a certain extent how guys still operate' men's accounts of masculinity and help seeking. Social Science & Medicine 2005;61:503-516

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Townsend A. Multiple morbidity and moral identity in mid-life: accounts of chronic illness and the place of the GP consultation in overall management strategies [PhD], MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit 2005.

open access  

2004

Craig J, Bradbury I, Collinson P, Emslie C, Findlay I, Hunt K, Kohli H, Kulkarni U, Macpherson K, Riches E, Single A, Tochel C. The organisation of troponin testing services in acute coronary syndromes. Glasgow, 2004

Emslie C, Hunt K, Macintyre S. Gender, work-home conflict and minor morbidity amongst white-collar bank employees in the UK. International Journal of Behavioural Medicine 2004;11:127-134

pubmed  open access  

Emslie C, Hunt K, O'Brien R. Masculinities in older men: a qualitative study in the West of Scotland. Journal of Men's Studies 2004;12:207-226

Hunt K, Hannah MK, West P. Contextualizing smoking: masculinity, femininity and class differences in smoking in men and women from three generations in the West of Scotland. Health Education Research 2004;19:239-249.

pubmed  open access  

2003

Emslie C, Hunt K, Watt G. A chip off the old block? Lay understandings of inheritance amongst men and women in mid-life. Public Understanding of Science 2003;12:47-65

Sweeting H, West P. Sex differences in health at ages 11, 13 and 15. Social Science & Medicine 2003;56:31-39

pubmed  open access  

Townsend A, Hunt K, Wyke S. Managing multiple morbidity in mid-life: a qualitative study of attitudes to drug use. BMJ 2003;327:837-840

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Wyke S, Hunt K, Walker J, Wilson P. Frequent attendance, socio-economic status and burden of ill health: an investigation in the West of Scotland. European Journal of General Practice 2003;9:48-55

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2002

Emslie C, Fuhrer R, Hunt K, Macintyre S, Shipley M, Stansfeld S. Gender differences in mental health: evidence from three organisations. Social Science & Medicine 2002;54:621-624

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Emslie C, Hunt K, Macintyre S. How similar are the smoking and drinking habits of men and women in non-manual jobs?. European Journal of Public Health 2002;12:22-28

pubmed  open access  

Hunt K. Re-evaluating gender and smoking in Thunderbirds thirty five years on. Tobacco Control 2002;11:151-153

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2001

Elliot R. Destructive but sweet: cigarette smoking among women 1890-1990 [PhD], 2001.

open access  

Emslie C, Hunt K, Macintyre S. Perceptions of body image amongst working men and women. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2001;55:406-407

Emslie C, Hunt K, Watt G. 'I'd rather go with a heart attack than drag on' lay images of heart disease and the problems they present for primary and secondary prevention. Coronary Health Care 2001;5:25-32

Emslie C, Hunt K, Watt G. Invisible women? The importance of gender in lay beliefs about heart problems. Sociology of Health & Illness 2001;23:201-231

open access  

Hunt K, Emslie C, Watt G. Lay constructions of a 'family history' of heart disease: potential for misunderstandings in the clinical encounter?. The Lancet 2001;357:1168-1171

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Hunt K, Emslie C. Commentary: the prevention paradox in lay epidemiology- Rose revisited. International Journal of Epidemiology 2001;30:442-446

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Hunt K, Ford G, Mutrie N. Is sport for all? Exercise and physical activity patterns in early and late middle age in the West of Scotland. Health Education 2001;101:151-158

McConnachie A, Hunt K, Emslie C, Hart C, Watt G. 'Unwarranted survivals' and 'anomalous deaths' from coronary heart disease: prospective survey of general population. BMJ 2001;323:1487-1491

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2000

Annandale E, Hunt K. Gender inequalities in health. Buckingham: Open University Press, 2000.

Hunt K, Davison C, Emslie C, Ford G. Are perceptions of a family history of heart disease related to health-related attitudes and behaviours?. Health Education Research 2000;15:131-143

pubmed  open access  

Hunt K, Emslie C, Watt G. Barriers rooted in biography: how interpretations of family patterns of heart disease and early life experiences may undermine behavioural change in mid-life. In: Graham H, editor Understanding health inequalities. Buckingham: Open University Press, 2000:113-126.

1999

Emslie C, Hunt K, Macintyre S. Gender differences in minor morbidity among full time employees of a British university. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 1999;53:465-475

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Emslie C, Hunt K, Macintyre S. Gender or job differences? Working conditions amongst men and women in white-collar occupations. Work, Employment and Society 1999;13:711-729

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Emslie C, Hunt K, Macintyre S. Problematizing gender, work and health: the relationship between gender, occupational grade, working conditions, and minor morbidity in full-time bank employees. Social Science & Medicine 1999;48:33-48

pubmed  open access  

Hunt K, Ford G, Harkins L, Wyke S. Are women more ready to consult than men? Gender differences in general practitioner consultation for common chronic conditions. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy 1999;4:96-100

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Macintyre S, Ford G, Hunt K. Do women 'over- report' morbidity? Men's and women's responses to structured prompting on a standard question on long standing illness. Social Science & Medicine 1999;48:89-98

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1998

Graham H, Hunt K. Socioeconomic influences on women's smoking status in adulthood: insights from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study. Health Bulletin 1998;56:51-58

Wyke S, Hunt K, Ford G. Gender differences in consulting a general practitioner for common symptoms of minor illness. Social Science & Medicine 1998;46:901-906

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1995

Sweeting H. Reversals of fortune? Sex differences in health in childhood and adolescence. Social Science & Medicine 1995;40:77-90

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1994

Anderson AS, Hunt K, Ford G, Finnigan F. One apple a day? Fruit and vegetable intake in the West of Scotland. Health Education Research 1994;9:297-305

1993

Hunt K, Annandale E. Just the job? Is the relationship between health and domestic and paid work gender-specific?. Sociology of Health & Illness 1993;15:632-664

open access  

1992

Anderson AS, Hunt K. Who are the 'healthy' eaters? Eating patterns and health promotion in the West of Scotland. Health Education Journal 1992;51:3-10

1990

Annandale E, Hunt K. Masculinity, femininity and sex: an exploration of their relative contribution to explaining gender differences in health. Sociology of Health & Illness 1990;12:24-46

open access