From February 2017, information about the work of the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow is available and updated on the University of Glasgow website.

Unit Image

Staff Member Biography

Geoff Der

position: Senior Research Fellow

Contact Details

email:
phone: 0141 353 7511

Address

MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit,
University of Glasgow,
Top floor,
200, Renfield Street
Glasgow
G2 3QB

Biography and Interests

Geoff was educated at Oxford, Cardiff and London. Prior to joining the unit he held posts in the MRC Social Psychiatry Unit and in the South Glamorgan Health Authority. He began his research career working on a survey of children's accidents in Cardiff. From there he went on to work on the Cardiff and Camberwell psychiatric case registers. He has worked on the Present State Examination (PSE) and the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN). He was for several years a member of the WHO steering committee for SCAN and helped co-ordinate the international field trials.
Since joining the unit he has made extensive use of The West of Scotland Twenty-07 study often in collaboration with external researchers.

His current research interests concern the relationships between cognition, material circumstances and health. These interests include a focus on measures of reaction time as indicators of cognitive ability and on their relation to health outcomes.

He is an associate member of the Edinburgh based Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology. 

Publications

2017

Shenkin SD, Zhang MG, Der G, Mathur S, Mina TH, Reynolds RM. Validity of recalled v. recorded birth weight: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease 2017;8:137-148

open access  

2016

Dykiert D, Der G, Starr JM, Deary IJ. Why Is Mini-Mental State Examination performance correlated with estimated premorbid cognitive ability?. Psychological Medicine 2016;46:2647-54

open access  

Katikireddi SV, Der G, Roberts C, Haw S. Has childhood smoking reduced following smoke-free public places legislation? A segmented regression analysis of cross-sectional UK school-based surveys. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2016;18:1670-1674

open access  

Wraw C, Deary IJ, Der G, Gale CR. Intelligence in youth and mental health at age 50. Intelligence 2016;58:69–79

open access  

2015

Der G, Everitt BS. Essential statistics using SAS®: University edition. Cary, North Carolina, USA: SAS Institute Inc., 2015.

Gale CR, Batty GD, Cooper SA, Deary IJ, Der G, McEwen BS, Cavanagh J. Reaction time in adolescence, cumulative allostatic load and symptoms of anxiety and depression in adulthood: the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. Psychosomatic Medicine 2015;77:493-505

pubmed  

Hope D, Bates T, Dykiert D, Der G, Deary IJ. More symmetrical children have faster and more consistent choice reaction times. Developmental Psychology 2015;51:524–532

open access  

Phillips AC, Carroll D, Der G. Negative life events and symptoms of depression and anxiety: stress causation and/or stress generation. Anxiety Stress and Coping 2015;28:357-71

pubmed  

Phillips AC, Carroll D, Drayson MT, Der G. Salivary Immunoglobulin A secretion rate is negatively associated with cancer mortality: the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. PLoS One 2015;10:e0145083

open access  

2014

Der G, Everitt BS. A handbook of statistical graphics using SAS ODS. Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2014.

Dodds R, Syddall H, Cooper R, Benzeval M, Deary I, Dennison E, Der G, Gale C, Inskip H, Jagger C, Kirkwood T, Lawlor D, Robinson S, Starr J, Steptoe A, Tilling K, Kuh D, Cooper C, Sayer AA. Grip strength across the life course: normative data from twelve British studies. PLoS One 2014;9:e11363

open access  

Gardner M, Bann D, Wiley L, Cooper R, Hardy R, Nitsch D, Martin-Ruiz C, Shiels P, Sayer AA, Barbieri M, Bekaert S, Bischoff C, Brooks-Wilson A, Chen W, Cooper C, Christensen K, Meyer TD, Deary I, Der G, Roux AD, Fitzpatrick A, Hajat A, Halaschek-Wiener J, Harris S, Hunt SC, Jagger C, Jeon HS, Kaplan R, Kimura M, Lansdorp P, Li C, Maeda T, Mangino M, Nawrot TS, Nilsson P, Nordfjall K, Paolisso G, Ren F, Riabowol K, Robertson T, Roos G, Staessen JA, Spector T, Tang N, Unryn B, Harst PVD, Woo J, Xing C, Yadegarfar ME, Park JY, Young N, Kuh D, Zglinicki TV, Ben-Shlomo Y. Gender and telomere length: systematic review and meta-analysis. Experimental Gerontology 2014;51:15–27

open access  

Jani BD, Cavanagh J, Barry S, Der G, Sattar N, Mair FS. Revisiting the J shaped curve, exploring the association between cardiovascular risk factors and concurrent depressive symptoms in patients with cardiometabolic disease: findings from a large cross-sectional study. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2014;14:139

open access  

Roberts BA, Deary IJ, Dykiert D, Der G, Batty GD. Reaction time and incident cancer: 25 years of follow-up of study members in the UK health and lifestyle survey. PLoS One 2014;9:e95054

2013

Carroll D, Phillips AC, Der G, Hunt K, Bibbey A, Benzeval M, Ginty A. Low forced expiratory volume is associated with blunted cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress in a community sample of middle-aged men and women. International Journal of Psychophysiology 2013;90:17–20

pubmed  open access  

Der G, Everitt BS. Applied medical statistics using SAS. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC, 2013.

Maclean A, Sweeting H, Egan M, Der G, Adamson J, Hunt K. How robust is the evidence of an emerging or increasing female excess in physical morbidity between childhood and adolescence? Results of a systematic literature review and meta-analyses. Social Science & Medicine 2013;78:96-112

pubmed  open access  

Phillips AC, Robertson T, Carroll D, Der G, Shiels PG, McGlynn L, Benzeval M. Do symptoms of depression predict telomere length? Evidence from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. Psychosomatic Medicine 2013;75:288-296

pubmed  

Ritchie SJ, Bates TC, Der G, Starr JM, Deary IJ. Education is associated with higher later-life IQ scores, but not with faster cognitive processing speed. Psychology and Aging 2013;28:515-52

pubmed  

Robertson T, Batty GD, Der G, Fenton C, Shiels PG, Benzeval M. Is socioeconomic status associated with biological aging as measured by telomere length?. Epidemiologic Reviews 2013;35:98–111

pubmed  open access  

Wilson P, Bradshaw P, Tipping S, Henderson M, Der G, Minnis H. What predicts persistent early conduct problems? Evidence from the Growing Up in Scotland cohort. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:76-80

pubmed  open access  

2012

Batty GD, Bhaskar A, Emslie C, Benzeval M, Der G, Lewar H, Hunt K. Association of life course socioeconomic disadvantage with future problem drinking and heavy drinking: gender differentials in the West of Scotland. International Journal of Public Health 2012;57:119-26

pubmed  open access  

Batty GD, Hamer M, Der G. Does somatic illness explain the association between common mental disorder and elevated mortality? Findings from extended follow-up of study members in the UK Health and Lifestyle Survey. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2012;66:647-649

pubmed  open access  

Carroll D, Ginty A, Der G, Hunt K, Benzeval M, Phillips AC. Increased blood pressure reactions to acute mental stress are associated with 16-year cardiovascular disease mortality. Psychophysiology 2012;49:1444–1448

open access  

Der G, Batty GD, Benzeval M, Deary IJ, Green MJ, McGlynn L, McIntyre A, Robertson T, Shiels PG. Is telomere length a biomarker for aging: cross-sectional evidence from the West of Scotland?. PLoS One 2012;7:e45166

open access  

Dykiert D, Der G, Starr JM, Deary IJ. Age differences in intra-individual variability in simple and choice reaction time: systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 2012;7:e45759

pubmed  open access  

Dykiert D, Der G, Starr JM, Deary IJ. Sex differences in reaction time mean and intraindividual variability across the life span. Developmental Psychology 2012;48:1262-76

pubmed  

Robertson T, Batty GD, Der G, Green MJ, McGlynn LM, McIntyre A, Shiels PG, Benzeval M. Is telomere length socially patterned? Evidence from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. PLoS One 2012;7:e41805

open access  

Whitley E, Deary IJ, Der G, Batty GD, Benzeval M. Paternal age in relation to offspring intelligence in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 prospective cohort study. PLoS One 2012;7:e52112

pubmed  open access  

2011

Calvin CM, Deary IJ, Fenton C, Roberts B, Der G, Leckenby N, Batty GD. Intelligence in youth and all-cause-mortality: systematic review with meta-analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology 2011;40:626-44

pubmed  

Carroll D, Phillips AC, Der G, Hunt K, Benzeval M. Blood pressure reactions to acute mental stress and future blood pressure status: data from the 12-year follow-up in the West of Scotland Study. Psychosomatic Medicine 2011;73:737-42

pubmed  

Ginty A T, Phillips AC, Der G, Deary IJ, Carroll D. Cognitive ability and simple reaction time predict cardiac reactivity in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. Psychophysiology 2011;48:1022-7

pubmed  

Phillips AC, Der G, Shipton D, Benzeval M. Prospective associations between cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress and change in physical disability in a large community sample. International Journal of Psychophysiology 2011;81:332-7

pubmed  

Phillips C, Hunt K, Der G, Carroll D. Blunted cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress predict symptoms of depression five years later: evidence from a large community study. Psychophysiology 2011;48:142-8

pubmed  

2010

Batty GD, Der G, Benzeval M, Deary IJ. Does IQ predict cardiovascular disease mortality as strongly as other risk factors? Comparison of effect estimates using the Twenty-07 prospective cohort study. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation 2010;17:24-7

pubmed  open access  

Der G, Allerhand M, Starr JM, Hofer SM, Deary IJ. Age-related changes in memory and fluid reasoning in a sample of healthy old people. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition 2010;17:55-70

pubmed  open access  

Dykiert D, Hall D, van Gemeren N, Benson R, Der G, Starr JM, Deary IJ. The effects of high altitude on choice reaction time mean and intra-individual variability: results of the Edinburgh Altitude Research Expedition of 2008. Neuropsychology 2010;24:391-401

pubmed  

Harding S, Whitrow M, Lenguerrand E, Maynard MJ, Teyhan A, Cruickshank K, Der G. Emergence of ethnic differences in blood pressure in adolescence: the Determinants of Adolescent Social Well-being and Health study. Hypertension 2010;55:1063-9

pubmed  open access  

Phillips AC, Der G, Carroll D. Self-reported health, self-reported fitness and all-cause mortality: prospective cohort study. British Journal of Health Psychology 2010;15:337-46

pubmed  

Sweeting H, West P, Young R, Der G. Can we explain increases in young people's psychological distress over time?. Social Science & Medicine 2010;71:1819-30

pubmed  open access  

2009

Batty GD, Shipley M, Dundas R, Macintyre S, Der G, Mortensen L, Deary IJ. Does IQ explain socio-economic differentials in total and cardiovascular disease mortality? Comparison with the explanatory power of traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors in the Vietnam Experience Study. European Heart Journal 2009;30:1903-9

pubmed  open access  

Benzeval M, Der G, Ellaway A, Hunt K, Sweeting H, West P, Macintyre S. Cohort profile: West of Scotland 20-07 study - health in the community. International Journal of Epidemiology 2009;38:1215-1223

pubmed  open access  

Deary IJ, Allerhand M, Der G. Smarter in middle age, faster in old age: a cross-lagged panel analysis of reaction time and cognitive ability over 13 years in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. Psychology and Aging 2009;24:40-7

pubmed  

Der G, Batty GD, Deary IJ. The association between IQ in adolescence and a range of health outcomes at 40 in the 1979 US National Longitudinal Study of Youth. Intelligence 2009;37:573-80

pubmed  open access  

Der G, Everitt BS. A handbook of statistical analyses using SAS. 3rd ed. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2009.

Phillips AC, Der G, Hunt K, Carroll D. Haemodynamic reactions to acute psychological stress and smoking status in a large community sample. International Journal of Psychophysiology 2009;73:273-8

pubmed  open access  

Phillips AC, Der Geoff, Mutrie N, Carroll D. Self-reported health and cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress in a large community sample: Cross-sectional and prospective association. Psychophysiology 2009;46:1020-7

pubmed  open access  

Phillips AC, Gallagher S, Hunt K, Der G, Carroll D. Symptoms of depression in non-routine caregivers: the role of caregiver strain and burden . British Journal of Clinical Psychology 2009;48:335-46

pubmed  

Roberts B, Der G, Deary IJ, Batty GD. Reaction time and established risk factors for total and cardiovascular disease mortality: Comparison of effect estimates in the follow-up of a large, UK-wide, general-population based survey. Intelligence 2009;37:561-6

2008

Carroll D, Phillips AC, Der G. Body mass index, abdominal adiposity, obesity, and cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress in a large community sample. Psychosomatic Medicine 2008;70:653-60

pubmed  

Der G, Batty GD, Deary IJ. Results from the PROBIT breastfeeding trial may have been over-interpreted [letter]. Archives of General Psychiatry 2008;65ID - 1127:1456-7

pubmed  

Ebrahimi-Mameghani M, Scott JA, Der G, Lean MEJ, Burns CM. Changes in weight and waist circumference over 9 years in a Scottish population. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2008;62:1208-1214

pubmed  

Gallagher S, Phillips AC, Evans P, Der G, Hunt K, Carroll D. Caregiving is associated with low secretion rates of immunoglobulin A in saliva. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 2008;22:565-572

pubmed  

Phillips AC, Der G, Carroll D. Stressful life-events exposure is associated with 17-year mortality, but it is health-related events that prove predictive. British Journal of Health Psychology 2008;13:647-57

pubmed  

Shipley B A, Der G, Taylor M D, Deary IJ. Cognition and mortality from the major causes of death: the Health and Lifestyle Survey. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2008;65:143-52

pubmed  

2007

Allen CF, Lees SS, Desmond NA, Der G, Chiduo B, Hambleton I, Knight L, Vallely A, Ross DA, Hayes R J. Validity of coital diaries in a feasibility study for the Microbicides Development Programme trial among women at high risk of HIV/AIDS in Mwanza, Tanzania. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2007;83:490-496

pubmed  open access  

Benzeval M, Green M, Ferrell C, Macdonald L, Wilson R, Der G, Ellaway A, Hunt K, Sweeting H, West P, Macintyre S. The West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study: health in the community - wave 5 fieldwork protocol. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Working Paper no. 20, Glasgow, 2007

Carroll D, Phillips AC, Hunt K, Der G. Symptoms of depression and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress: evidence from a population study. Biological Psychology 2007;75:68-74

pubmed  

Deary IJ, Irwing P, Der G, Bates T C. Brother-sister differences in the g factor in intelligence: analysis of full, opposite-sex siblings from the NLSY1979. Intelligence 2007;35:451-456

Der G. IQ and the health of nations: some critical comments on Kanazawa (2006). British Journal of Health Psychology 2007;12:315-321

pubmed  

Der Geoff, Everitt BS. Basic statistics using SAS enterprise guide: a primer. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc., 2007.

Shipley B A, Der G, Taylor M D, Deary IJ. Association between mortality and cognitive change over 7 years in a large representative sample of UK residents. Psychosomatic Medicine 2007;69:640-650

pubmed  open access  

Shipley B A, Weiss A, Der G, Taylor Mi D, Deary IJ. Neuroticism, extraversion, and mortality in the UK Health and Lifestyle Survey: a 21-year prospective cohort study. Psychosomatic Medicine 2007;69:923-931

pubmed  open access  

Sweeting H, West P, Der G. Explanations for female excess morbidity in adolescence: evidence from a school-based cohort in the West of Scotland . BMC Public Health 2007;7:298.

pubmed  open access  

2006

Batty GD, Der G, Deary IJ. Effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on offspring cognitive ability: empirical evidence for complete confounding in the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Pediatrics 2006;118:943-950

pubmed  

Batty GD, Der G, Macintyre S, Deary IJ. Does IQ explain socioeconomic inequalities in health? Evidence from a population-based cohort study in the West of Scotland. BMJ 2006;332:580-584

pubmed  open access  

Der G, Batty GD, Deary IJ. Effect of breast feeding on intelligence in children: prospective study, sibling pairs analysis, and meta-analysis. BMJ 2006;333:945-948

pubmed  open access  

Der G, Deary IJ. Age and sex differences in reaction time in adulthood: results from the UK Health and Lifestyle Survey. Psychology and Aging 2006;21:62-73

pubmed  

Phillips AC, Carroll D, Evans P, Bosch J A, Clow A, Hucklebridge F, Der G. Stressful life events are associated with low secretion rates of immunoglobulin A in saliva in the middle aged and elderly. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 2006;20:191-197

pubmed  

Phillips AC, Carroll D, Hunt K, Der G. The effects of the spontaneous presence of a spouse/partner and others on cardiovascular reactions to an acute psychological challenge. Psychophysiology 2006;43:633-40

pubmed  

Shipley B A, Der G, Taylor MD, Deary IJ. Cognition and all-cause mortality across the entire adult age range: Health and lifestyle survey. Psychosomatic Medicine 2006;68:17-24

pubmed  

Sweeting H, Young R, West P, Der G. Peer victimization and depression in early-mid adolescence: A longitudinal study. British Journal of Educational Psychology 2006;76:577-594

pubmed  

Tunstall H, Benzeval M, Der G. Weights for the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study: Health in the Community – notes for users. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Working Paper no. 22, Glasgow, 2006

2005

Berger U, Der G, Mutrie N, Hannah MK. The impact of retirement on physical activity. Ageing and Society 2005;25:181-195

Deary IJ, Der G, Shenkin S D. Does mother's IQ explain the association between birth weight and cognitive ability in childhood?. Intelligence 2005;33:445-454

Deary IJ, Der G. Reaction time explains IQ's association with death. Psychological Science 2005;16:64-69

pubmed  

Deary IJ, Der G. Reaction time parameters, intelligence, ageing and death: The West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. In: Duncan J, McLeod P, Phillips L, editors Measuring the mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Deary IJ, Der G. Reaction time, age, and cognitive ability: longitudinal findings from age 16 to 63 years in representative population samples. Ageing, Neuropsychology, and Cognition (Neuropsychology, Development and Cognition: Section B) 2005;12:187-215

pubmed  open access  

Der G, Everitt BS. Statistical analysis of medical data using SAS. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall, 2005.

Lees S, Wight D, Allen C, Desmond N, Chiduo B, Vallely A, Der G, Knight L, Hayes R, Ross DA. The reliability of coital diaries in collecting sexual behaviour data in a microbicides trial feasibility study in Mwanza, Tanzania. HIV/AIDS and STI News 2005;9:3-4

Macintyre S, Der G, Norrie J. Are there socioeconomic differences in responses to a commonly used self report measure of chronic illness?. International Journal of Epidemiology 2005;34:1284-1290

pubmed  open access  

2004

Abraham C, Henderson M, Der G. Cognitive impact of a research-based school sex education programme. Psychology & Health 2004;19:689-703

Macintyre S, McKay L, Der G, Hiscock R. Socio-economic position and health: what you observe depends on how you measure it. Journal of Public Health Medicine 2004;25:288-294

pubmed  open access  

2003

Der G, Deary IJ. IQ, reaction time, and the differentiation hypothesis. Intelligence 2003;31:491-503

Ecob R, Der G. An iterative method for the detection of outliers in longitudinal growth data using multilevel models. In: Reise SP, Duan N, editors Multilevel modeling: methodological advances, issues and applications. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2003:229-254.

Macintyre S, Ellaway A, Hiscock R, Kearns A, Der G, McKay L. What features of the home and the area might help to explain observed relationships between housing tenure and health? Evidence from the West of Scotland. Health & Place 2003;9:207-218

pubmed  open access  

West P, Sweeting H, Der G, Barton J, Lucas C. Voice-DISC identified DSM-IV disorders among 15 year olds in the West of Scotland. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 2003;42:941-949

pubmed  

2002

Berger U, Mutrie N, Hannah MK, Der G. A longitudinal analysis of physical activity patterns of adults within their early 60's. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Occasional paper no. 11, Glasgow, 2002

open access  

Der G. Sex differences in occupation may affect height associations [letter]. BMJ 2002;325ID - 2508:903

Der G. Structural equation modelling in epidemiology: some problems and prospects [invited commentary]. International Journal of Epidemiology 2002;31ID - 2507:1199-1200

Flowers P, Hart G, Williamson L, Frankis J, Der G. Does bar-based, peer-led sexual health promotion have a community-level effect amongst gay men in Scotland?. International Journal of STD & AIDS 2002;13:102-108

pubmed  

Hart G, Williamson L, Flowers P, Frankis J, Der G. Gay men's HIV testing behaviour in Scotland. AIDS Care 2002;14:665-674

pubmed  

2001

Deary IJ, Der G, Ford G. Reaction time and intelligence differences: a population based cohort study. Intelligence 2001;29:389-399

Der G, Everitt BS. A handbook of statistical analyses using SAS. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2001.

Der G. Income and health: why are curves so appealing? [invited commentary]. International Journal of Epidemiology 2001;30ID - 2748:1405-1406

Williamson LM, Hart GJ, Flowers P, Frankis J, Der G. The Gay Men's Task Force: the impact of peer education on the sexual health behaviour of homosexual men in Glasgow. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2001;77:427-432

2000

Dunbar M, Ford G, Hunt K, Der G. A confirmatory factor analysis of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 2000;39:79-94

pubmed  

Dunbar M, Ford G, Hunt K, Der G. Question wording effects in the assessment of global self-esteem. European Journal of Psychological Assessment 2000;16:13-19

Evans P, Der G, Ford G, Hucklebridge F, Hunt K, Lambert S. Social class, sex, and age differences in mucosal immunity in a large community sample. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 2000;14:41-48

pubmed  

West P, Sweeting H, Der G. The Voice DISC: a method for ascertaining psychiatric diagnoses in young people in the community. MRC Social and Public Health Science Unit Occasional Paper no. 4, Glasgow, 2000

1999

Burnett R, Mallett R, Bhugra D, Hutchinson G, Der G, Leff J. The first contact of patients with schizophrenia with psychiatric services: social factors and pathways to care in a multi-ethnic population. Psychological Medicine 1999;29:475-83

Der G, Macintyre S, Ford G, Hunt K, West P. The relationship of household income to a range of health measures in three age cohorts from the West of Scotland. European Journal of Public Health 1999;9:271-277

open access  

Graham H, Der G. Influences on women's smoking status: the contribution of socioeconomic status in adolescence and adulthood. European Journal of Public Health 1999;9:137-141

Graham H, Der G. Patterns and predictors of smoking cessation among British women. Health Promotion International 1999;14:231-239

Graham H, Der G. Patterns and predictors of tobacco consumption among women. Health Education Research 1999;14:611-618

pubmed  

Hart G, Flowers P, Der G, Frankis J. Homosexual men's HIV-related sexual risk behaviour in Scotland. Sexually Transmitted Infections 1999;75:242-246

pubmed  

1998

Der G, Glover G, Brugha TS, Wing JK. SCAN-1: Algorithms and CAPSE-1. In: Wing J K, Sartorius N, Ustun T B, editors Diagnosis and clinical measurement in psychiatry: a reference manual for SCAN/PSE-10. Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Der G. A comparison of the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study sample and the 1991 census SARs. Glasgow, 1998

Macintyre S, Ellaway A, Der G, Ford G, Hunt K. Do housing tenure and car access predict health because they are simply markers of income or self esteem? A Scottish study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 1998;52:657-664

pubmed  open access  

Wing JK, Sartorius N, Der G. International field trials: SCAN-0. In: Wing J K, Sartorius N, Ustun T B, editors Diagnosis and clinical measurement in psychiatry: a reference manual for SCAN/PSE-10. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

1997

Bhugra D, Leff J, Mallett R, Der G, Corridan B, Rudge S. Incidence and outcome of schizophrenia in Whites, African-Caribbeans and Asians in London. Psychological Medicine 1997;27:791-798

pubmed  

1996

Bhugra D, Hilwig M, Hossein B, Marceau H, Neehall J, Leff J, Mallett R, Der G. First-contact incidence rates of schizophrenia in Trinidad and one-year follow-up. British Journal of Psychiatry 1996;169:587-592

pubmed  

Everitt BS, Der G. A handbook of statistical analyses using SAS. London: Chapman & Hall, 1996.

Van Os J, Castle DJ, Takei N, Der G, Murray RM. Psychotic illness in ethnic minorities: clarification from the 1991 census. Psychological Medicine 1996;26:203-208

pubmed  

Van Os J, Takei N, Castle DJ, Wessely S, Der G, MacDonald AM, Murray RM. The incidence of mania: time trends in relation to gender and ethnicity. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 1996;31:129-136

pubmed  

1993

Bebbington P, Der G, MacCarthy B, Wykes T, Brugha T, Sturt E, Potter J. Stress incubation and the onset of affective disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry 1993;162:358-362

1991

Bebbington P, Dean C, Der G, Hurry J, Tennant C. Gender, parity and the prevalence of minor affective disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry 1991;158:40-5

Castle D, Wessely D, Der G, Murray RM. The incidence of operationally defined schizophrenia in Camberwell, 1965-84. British Journal of Psychiatry 1991;159:790-794

Murray RM, Gupta S, Der G. The incidence of schizophrenia, and of causal in time and place - reply. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 1991;240:377-8

Wessely D, Castle D, Der G, Murray RM. Schizophrenia and Afro-Caribbeans: a case-control study. British Journal of Psychiatry 1991;159:795-801

1990

Der G, Gupta S, Murray RM. Is schizophrenia disappearing?. The Lancet 1990;335:513-6

Murray RM , Gupta S, Der G. Trends in schizophrenia [letter]. The Lancet 1990;335:1214-

1989

Der G. The effects of population changes on long-stay in-patient rates. In: Wing J K, editor Health services planning and research: contributions from psychiatric case registers. London: Gaskell, 1989:53-7.

Jennings C, Der G, Robinson S, Rose S, de Alarcon J, Hunter D, Holliday R, Moss N. In-patient statistics from eight psychiatric case registers. In: Wing J K, editor Health services planning and research: contributions from psychiatric case registers. London: Gaskell, 1989:53-57.

Kumakura N, Sturt E, Der G, Bebbington P. A reliability study on three classification systems of depression using the Camberwell register in London. Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology 1989;55:217-26

Mavreas V, Bebbington P, Der G. The structure and validity of acculturation: analysis of an acculturation scale. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 1989;24:233-40

Philpot M, Rottenstein M, Burns A, Der G. Season of birth in Alzheimer's disease. British Journal of Psychiatry 1989;155:662-6

1988

Brown R G, MacCarthy B, Gotham A M, Der G, Marsden CD. Depression and disability in Parkinson's disease: a follow-up of 132 cases. Psychological Medicine 1988;18:49-55

1987

Der G, Bebbington P. Depression in inner London: a register study. Social Psychiatry 1987;22:73-84

1986

Bebbington P, Hurry J, Tennant C, Der G. Adversity and working class vulnerability to minor affective disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders 1986;11:115-120

Der G, Wooff K. Effects of population mobility on register data. In: ten Horn G H M M , Giel R, Gulbinat W H , Henderson J H, editors Psychiatric case registers in public health. Elsevier, 1986.

Der G. Scaling the human genome: the use of multidimensional scaling in human gene mapping [MSc], 1986.

1985

Donald J, Sturt E, Der G, McCusker K. Use of multidimensional scaling in chromosome mapping. Genetic Epidemiology 1985;2:183-226

Salikangas RKR, Der G, Wing JK. Community psychiatric services in England and Finland. Social Psychiatry 1985;20:23-29

1984

Sturt E, Kumakura N, Der G. How depressing life is life-long morbidity risk for depressive disorder in the general population. Journal of Affective Disorders 1984;7:109-22

1983

Der G. Comparing psychiatric ratings: an exploratory analysis using multidimensional scaling [MSc], 1983.

Kumakura N, Sturt E, Der G, Bebbington P. An epidemiological-study of depression based on DSM-III, catego, hospital diagnosis. Behavior Genetics 1983;13:541