From February 2017, information about the work of the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow is available and updated on the University of Glasgow website.

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Staff Member Biography

Elise Whitley

position: Statistical Epidemiologist

Contact Details

email:
phone: 0141 353 7500

Address

MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit,
University of Glasgow,
Top floor,
200, Renfield Street
Glasgow
G2 3QB

Biography and Interests

Elise obtained a BSc in Mathematics from University of Newcastle upon Tyne, followed by a PhD in Number Theory from University of Exeter, and an MSc in Medical Statistics from London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She joined the Social and Public Health Sciences Unit as a Statistical Epidemiologist in 2011, working on the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. Before this she worked at the Cancer Research UK Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford; the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London; and the Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, where she holds an honorary Lectureship. Her main research interests are the determinants of health, particularly mental health, across the lifecourse.

Publications

[in press]

Katikireddi SV, Whitley E, Lewsey J, Gray L, Leyland AH. Socioeconomic status effect modifies the relationship between alcohol consumption and harm: an analysis of linked cohort data. The Lancet Public Health [in press]

Kearns A, Whitley E. Perceived neighbourhood ethnic diversity and social outcomes: context-dependent effects within a post-industrial city undergoing regeneration. Journal of Urban Affairs [in press]

2016

Kearns A, Whitley E, Egan M, Tabbner C, Tannahill C. Healthy migrants in an unhealthy city? The effects of time on the health of migrants living in deprived areas of Glasgow. Journal of International Migration and Integration Journal 2016;[epub ahead of print]:1–24

open access  

Whitley E, Benzeval M, Popham F. Associations of successful aging with socioeconomic position across the life-course: The West of Scotland Twenty-07 Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of Aging and Health 2016;[epub ahead of print]

open access  

Whitley E, Deary IJ, Ritchie SJ, Batty GD, Kumari M, Benzeval M. Variations in cognitive abilities across the life course: Cross-sectional evidence from Understanding Society: the UK Household Longitudinal Study. Intelligence 2016;59:39–50

open access  

2015

Kearns A, Whitley E, Tannahill C, Ellaway A. Loneliness, social relations and health and wellbeing in deprived communities. Psychology, Health & Medicine 2015; 20:332–344

open access  

Kearns A, Whitley E, Tannahill C, Ellaway A. Lonesome town? Is loneliness associated with the residential environment, including housing and neighbourhood factors?. Journal of Community Psychology 2015;43:849–867

open access  

Popham F, Williamson L, Whitley E. Is changing status through housing tenure associated with changes in mental health? Results from the British Household Panel Survey. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2015;69:6-11

open access  

Robertson T, Benzeval M, Whitley E, Popham F. The role of material, psychosocial and behavioral factors in mediating the association between socioeconomic position and allostatic load. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 2015;45:41-9

open access  

2014

Whitley E, Batty DG, Hunt K, Popham F, Benzeval M. The role of health behaviours across the life course in the socioeconomic patterning of all-cause mortality: the West of Scotland Twenty-07 prospective cohort study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2014;47:148-157

open access  

2013

Kearns A, Whitley E, Bond L, Egan M, Tannahill C. The psychosocial pathway to mental well-being at the local level: investigating the effects of perceived relative position in a deprived area context. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:87-94

pubmed  

Whitley E, Gale C, Deary IJ, Kivimaki M, Singh-Manoux A, Batty GD. Influence of maternal and paternal IQ on offspring health and health behaviours: evidence for some trans-generational associations using the 1958 British birth cohort study. European Psychiatry 2013;28:219–224

pubmed  open access  

2012

Batty GD, Whitley E, Gale CR, Osborn D, Tynelius P, Rasmussen F, Mulheran PA, Osborn DP, Deary IJ, Kivimaki M. Impact of mental health problems on case fatality in male cancer patients. British Journal of Cancer 2012;106:1842-1845

pubmed  open access  

Bond L, Kearns A, Mason P, Tannahill C, Egan M, Whitley E. Exploring the relationships between housing, neighbourhoods and mental wellbeing for residents of deprived areas. BMC Public Health 2012;12:48

pubmed  open access  

Gale CR, Batty GD, Osborn DPJ, Tynelius P, Whitley E, Rasmussen F. Association of mental disorders in early adulthood and later psychiatric hospital admissions and mortality in a cohort study of more than 1 million men. Archives of General Psychiatry 2012;69:823-831

Kearns A, Whitley E, Bond L, Tannahill C. Residential psychosocial environment and mental wellbeing in deprived areas. International Journal of Housing Policy 2012;12:413-438

open access  

Kearns A, Whitley E, Mason P, Bond L. Living the high life: residential social and psychosocial outcomes for high-rise occupants in deprived context. Housing Studies 2012;27:97-126

Rana R, Ghimire R, Shah MB, Kumal T, Whitley E, Baker IA. Health improvement for disadvantaged people in Nepal: an evaluation. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012;12

Whitley E, Batty GD, Mulheran PA, Gale CR, Osborn DP, Tynelius P, Rasmussen F. Psychiatric disorder as a risk factor for cancer: different analytic strategies produce different findings. Epidemiology 2012;23:543-550

pubmed  open access  

Whitley E, Deary IJ, Der G, Batty GD, Benzeval M. Paternal age in relation to offspring intelligence in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 prospective cohort study. PLoS One 2012;7:e52112

pubmed  open access  

Whitley E, Lee IM, Sesso HD, Batty GD. Association of cigarette smoking from adolescence to middle-age with later total and cardiovascular disease mortality. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2012;60:1839-1840

Whitley E, Martin RM, Smith DG, Holly JMP, Gunnell D. The association of childhood height, leg length and other measures of skeletal growth with adult cardiovascular disease: the Boyd-Orr cohort. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2012;66:18-23

2011

Atkinson C, Whitley E, Ness A, Baker I. Associations between types of dietary fat and fish intake and risk of stroke in the Caerphilly prospective study. Public Health 2011;125:345-348

Gunawardana L, Smith GD, Zammit S, Whitley E, Gunnell D, Lewis S, Rasmussen F. Pre-conception inter-pregnancy interval and risk of schizophrenia. . British Journal of Psychiatry 2011;199 :338-339

Kearns A, Whitley E, Mason P, Petticrew M, Hoy C.. Material and meaningful homes: mental health impacts and psychosocial benefits of rehousing to new dwellings. International Journal of Public Health 2011;56:597-607

pubmed  open access  

Noble H, Whitley E, Norton S, Thompson M. A study of preoperative factors associated with a poor outcome following laparoscopic bile duct exploration. Surgical Endoscopy 2011;25 :130-139

Whitley E, Gale CR, Deary IJ, Kivimaki M, Batty GD. Association of maternal and paternal IQ with offspring conduct, emotional, and attention problem scores: transgenerational evidence from the 1958 British Birth Cohort Study. Archives of General Psychiatry 2011;68:1032-1038

pubmed  open access  

2010

Batty GD, Whitley E, Deary IJ, Gale CR, Tynelius P, Rasmussen F. Psychosis alters association between IQ and future risk of attempted suicide: cohort study of 1,109,475 Swedish men. BMJ 2010;340:c2506

pubmed  open access  

Batty GD, Whitley E, Kivimäki M, Tynelius P, Rasmussen F. Body mass index and attempted suicide: cohort study of 1,133,019 Swedish men. American Journal of Epidemiology 2010;172:890-9

pubmed  open access  

Burston BJ, Yates PJ, Hook S, Moulder E, Whitley E, Bannister GC. Cemented polished tapered stems in patients less than 50 years of age: a minimum 10-year follow-up. Journal of Arthroplasty 2010;25 :692-699

Whitley E, Batty GD, Gale CR, Deary I R, Tynelius P, Rasmussen F. Intelligence in early adulthood and subsequent risk of unintentional injury over two decades: cohort study of 1,109,475 Swedish men. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2010;64:419-25

pubmed  open access  

Whitley E, Batty GD, Gale CR, Deary IJ, Tynelius P, Rasmussen F. Intelligence in early adulthood and subsequent risk of assault: cohort study of 1,120,998 Swedish men. Psychosomatic Medicine 2010;72:390-6

pubmed  open access  

Whitley E, Rasmussen F, Tynelius P, Batty GD. Physical stature and method-specific attempted suicide: cohort study of one million men. Psychiatry Research 2010;179:116-8

pubmed  open access  

2009

Whitley E, Martin RM, Smith DG, Holly JMP, Gunnell D. Childhood stature and adult cancer risk: the Boyd Orr cohort. Cancer Causes and Control 2009;20:243-251

2008

Kearns A, Petticrew M, Mason P, Whitley E. SHARP survey findings: mental health and wellbeing outcomes. Scottish Government Social Research, Edinburgh, 2008

open access  

Kearns A, Petticrew M, Mason P, Whitley E. SHARP survey findings: physical health and health behaviour outcomes. Scottish Government Social Research, Edinburgh, 2008

open access  

Kearns A, Petticrew M, Mason P, Whitley E. SHARP survey findings: social and community outcomes. Edinburgh, 2008

open access  

Luoto R, Kharazmi E, Whitley E, Raitanen J, Gissler M, Hemminki E. Systolic hypertension in pregnancy and cardiovascular mortality: a 44-Year follow-up study. Hypertension in Pregnancy 2008;27 :87-94

Martin RM, Gunnell D, Whitley E, Nicolaides A, Griffin M, Georgiou N, Smith DG, Ebrahim S, Holly JMP. Associations of insulin-Like growth factor (IGF)-I, IGF-II, IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-2 and IGFBP-3 with ultrasound measures of atherosclerosis and plaque stability in an older adult population. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 2008;93:1331-1338

Petticrew M, Kearns A, Hoy C, Mason P, Gibson M, Whitley E. The SHARP study: findings of a controlled study of the effects of housing and neighbourhood change on health and well-being. Scottish Government Research Findings 18, Edinburgh, 2008

open access  

Whitley E, Gunnell D, Smith DG, Holly JMP, Martin RM. Childhood circumstances and anthropometry: The Boyd Orr cohort. Annals of Human Biology 2008;35:518-534

Yates PJ, Burston BJ, Whitley E, Bannister GC. Collarless polished tapered stem: clinical and radiological results at a minimum of ten years' follow-up. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery: British Volume 2008;90-B:16-22

2007

Ramiah RD, Ashmore AM, Whitley E, Bannister GC. Ten-year life expectancy after primary total hip replacement. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery: British Volume 2007;89-B:1299-1302

2006

Darby S, Hill D, Deo H, Auvinen A, Barros-Dios JM, Baysson H, Bochicchio F, Falk R, Farchi S, Figueiras A, Hakama M, Heid I, Hunter N, Kreienbrock L, Kreuzer M, Lagarde F, Mäkeläinen I, Muirhead C, Oberaigner W, Pershagen G, Ruosteenoja E, Rosario AS, Tirmarche M, Tomásek L, Whitley E, Wichmann HE, Doll R. Residential radon and lung cancer--detailed results of a collaborative analysis of individual data on 7148 persons with lung cancer and 14,208 persons without lung cancer from 13 epidemiologic studies in Europe. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health 2006;32 :1-83

Harrison G, Whitley E, Rasmussen F, Lewis G, Dalman C, Gunnell D. Risk of schizophrenia and other non-affective psychosis among individuals exposed to head injury: case control study. Schizophrenia Research 2006;88:119-26

Hook S, Moulder E, Yates PJ, Burston BJ, Whitley E, Bannister GC. The Exeter universal stem: a minimum ten-year review from an independent centre. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery: British Volume 2006;88-B:1584-1590

2005

Charles DHM, Ness AR, Campbell D, Smith DG, Whitley E, Hall MH. Folic acid supplements in pregnancy and birth outcome: re-analysis of a large randomised controlled trial and update of Cochrane review. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2005;19:112-124

Darby S, Hill D, Auvinen A, Barros-Dios JM, Baysson H, Bochicchio F, Deo H, Falk R, Forastiere F, Hakama M, Heid I, Kreienbrock L, Kreuzer M, Lagarde F, Mäkeläinen I, Muirhead C, Oberaigner W, Pershagen G, Ruano-Ravina A, Ruosteenoja E, Rosario AS, Tirmarche M, Tomásek L, Whitley E, Wichmann HE, Doll R. Radon in homes and risk of lung cancer: collaborative analysis of individual data from 13 European case-control studies. BMJ 2005;330 :223

Gunnell D, Harrison G, Whitley E, Lewis G, Tynelius P, Rasmussen F. The association of fetal and childhood growth with risk of schizophrenia. Cohort study of 720,000 Swedish men and women. Schizophrenia Research 2005;79:315-322

2004

Middleton N, Whitley E, Frankel S, Dorling D, Sterne J, Gunnell D. Suicide risk in small areas in England and Wales, 1991-1993. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2004;39 :45-52

2003

Gunnell D, Middleton N, Whitley E, Dorling D, Frankel S. Influence of cohort effects on patterns of suicide in England and Wales, 1950-1999. British Journal of Psychiatry 2003;182:164-170

Gunnell D, Middleton N, Whitley E, Dorling D, Frankel S. Why are suicide rates rising in young men but falling in the elderly?-- a time-series analysis of trends in England and Wales 1950-1998. Social Science & Medicine 2003;57:595-611

Gunnell D, Whitley E, Upton MN, McConnachie A, Smith DG, Watt GCM. Associations of height, leg length, and lung function with cardiovascular risk factors in the Midspan Family Study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2003;57:141-146

Middleton N, Gunnell D, Frankel S, Whitley E, Dorling D. Urban-rural differences in suicide trends in young adults: England and Wales, 1981-1998. Social Science & Medicine 2003;57:1183-1194

2002

Flynn TN, Whitley E, Peters TJ . Recruitment strategies in a cluster randomized trial: cost implications. Statistics in Medicine 2002;21 :397-405

Ness AR, Hughes J, Elwood PC, Whitley E, Smith GD, Burr ML . The long-term effect of dietary advice in men with coronary disease: follow-up of the diet and reinfarction trial (DART). European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2002;56:512-518

Stoddart H, Sharp D, Harvey I, Whitley E. Falls and the use of health services in community-living elderly people. British Journal of General Practice 2002;52:923-925

Stoddart H, Whitley E, Harvey I, Sharp D. What determines the use of home care services by elderly people?. Health and Social Care in the Community 2002;10:348-360

2001

Brookes ST, Whitley E, Peters TJ, Mulheran PA, Egger M, Smith DG. Subgroup analyses in randomised controlled trials: quantifying the risks of false-positives and false-negatives. Health Technology Assessment 2001;5:1-56

Darby S, Deo H, Doll R, Whitley E. A parallel analysis of individual and ecological data on residential radon and lung cancer in south-west England. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society) 2001;164:205-207

Darby S, Whitley E, Doll R, Key T, Silcocks P. Diet, smoking and lung cancer: a case-control study of 1000 cases and 1500 controls in South-West England. British Journal of Cancer 2001;84:728-735

Middleton N, Gunnell D, Whitley E, Dorling D, Frankel S. Secular trends in antidepressant prescribing in the UK, 1975-1998. Journal of Public Health Medicine 2001;23:262-267

Simonato L, Agudo A, Ahrens W, Benhamou E, Benhamou S, Boffetta P, Brennan P, Darby SC, Forastiere F, Fortes C, Gaborieau V, Gerken M, Gonzales CA, Jöckel KH, Kreuzer M, Merletti F, Nyberg F, Pershagen G, Pohlabeln H, Rösch F, Whitley E, Wichmann HE, Zambon P. Lung cancer and cigarette smoking in Europe: an update of risk estimates and an assessment of inter-country heterogeneity. International Journal of Cancer 2001;91:876-887

Smith GD, Whitley E, Dorling D, Gunnell D. Area based measures of social and economic circumstances: cause specific mortality patterns depend on the choice of index. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2001;55:149-50

Stoddart H, Donovan J, Whitley E, Sharp D, Harvey I. Urinary incontinence in older people in the community: a neglected problem? . British Journal of General Practice 2001;51:548-52

2000

Agudo A, Ahrens W, Benhamou E, Benhamou S, Boffetta P, Darby SC, Forastiere F, Fortes C, Gaborieau V, González CA, Jöckel KH, Kreuzer M, Merletti F, Pohlabeln H, Richiardi L, Whitley E, Wichmann HE, Zambon P, Simonato L. Lung cancer and cigarette smoking in women: a multicenter case-control study in Europe. International Journal of Cancer 2000;88:820-827

Kreuzer M, Boffetta P, Whitley E, Ahrens W, Gaborieau V, Heinrich J, Jöckel KH, Kreienbrock L, Mallone S, Merletti F, Roesch F, Zambon P, Simonato L. Gender differences in lung cancer risk by smoking: a multicentre case-control study in Germany and Italy. British Journal of Cancer 2000;82:227-233

Peto R, Darby S, Deo H, Silcocks P, Whitley E, Doll R. Smoking, smoking cessation, and lung cancer in the UK since 1950: combination of national statistics with two case-control studies. BMJ 2000;321 :323-329

Pohlabeln H, Boffetta P, Ahrens W, Merletti F, Agudo A, Benhamou E, Benhamou S, Brüske-Hohlfeld I, Ferro G, Fortes C, Kreuzer M, Mendes A, Nyberg F, Pershagen G, Saracci R, Schmid G, Siemiatycki J, Simonato L, Whitley E, Wichmann HE, Winck C, Zambon P, Jöckel KH. Occupational risks for lung cancer among nonsmokers. Epidemiology 2000;11:532-538

Smith DG, Whitley E, Gissler M, Hemminki E. Birth dimensions of offspring, premature birth, and the mortality of mothers. The Lancet 2000;356:2066-2067

1999

Ness AR, Whitley E, Burr ML, Elwood PC, Smith GD, Ebrahim S. The long-term effect of advice to eat more fish on blood pressure in men with coronary disease: results from the diet and reinfarction trial. Journal of Human Hypertension 1999;13:729-33

Whitley E, Doyle P, Roman E, De Stavola B. The effect of reproductive history on future pregnancy outcomes. Human Reproduction 1999;14:2863-2867

Whitley E, Gunnell D, Dorling D, Smith DG. Ecological study of social fragmentation, poverty, and suicide. BMJ 1999;319 :1034-1037

Whitley E. Graphical trees: the simultaneous display of risk of fetal death by pregnancy history and maternal age. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 1999;13:342-351

1998

Boffetta P, Agudo A, Ahrens W, Benhamou E, Benhamou S, Darby SC, Ferro G, Fortes C, Gonzalez CA, Jöckel KH, Krauss M, Kreienbrock L, Kreuzer M, Mendes A, Merletti F, Nyberg F, Pershagen G, Pohlabeln H, Riboli E, Schmid G, Simonato L, Trédaniel J, Whitley E, Wichmann HE, Winck C, Zambon P, Saracci R. Multicenter case-control study of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer in Europe. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1998;90:1440-1450

Darby S, Whitley E, Silcocks P, Thakrar B, Green M, Lomas P, Miles J, Reeves G, Fearn T, Doll R. Risk of lung cancer associated with residential radon exposure in south-west England: a case-control study. British Journal of Cancer 1998;78:394-408

Reeves GK, Cox DR, Darby SC, Whitley E. Some aspects of measurement error in explanatory variables for continuous and binary regression models. Statistics in Medicine 1998;17:2157-77

1995

Darby SC, Radford EP, Whitley E. Radon exposure and cancers other than lung cancer in Swedish iron miners. Environmental Health Perspectives 1995;103:45-47

Darby SC, Whitley E, Howe GR, Hutchings SJ, Kusiak RA, Lubin JH, Morrison HI, Tirmarche M, Tomásek L, Radford EP. Radon and cancers other than lung cancer in underground miners: a collaborative analysis of 11 studies. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1995;87:378-384

Lo YM, Darby S, Noakes L, Whitley E, Silcocks PB, Fleming KA, Bell JI. Screening for codon 249 p53 mutation in lung cancer associated with domestic radon exposure. The Lancet 1995;345:60

1994

Cremona JE, Whitley E. Periods of cusp forms and elliptic curves over imaginary quadratic number fields. Mathematics of Computation 1994;62:407-429